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El Pilar Forest Garden Network
 

Forest Garden Database

Plant List only for person: Kanan K'ax: Santa Familia Primary School Garden: 77 entries, updated 2013-07-17 00:59:34 GMT

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  Click on the Scientific name to see the photo of that plant. If we don't have a photo, then there is no link.
Family Scientific name Habitat Uses Origin Local Name      
          English Spanish Mayan Creole
                 
FABACEAE: Mimosoideae Acacia cornigera shrub, tree Med, Food N bullhorn acacia, ant thorn pico de gurrion, cuerno de vaca liscanal, zubin, huascanal black cockspur
RUBIACEAE Alseis yucatanensis tree Cnst N wild mammee, wild mamey tabaquillo, mammee silvestre cacao-che, ison, zon, haas'che, ts'om  
AMARANTHACEAE Amaranthus caudatus herb Spc, Med, Food N amaranth, pigweed   kiltosh pison calaloo
AMARANTHACEAE Amaranthus dubius herb Spc, Med, Food N amaranth, pigweed   kiltosh pison calaloo
ARACEAE Anthurium slechtendahlii herb, epiphyte Med N pheasant's tail cola de faisan tye-pÈ, xiv-tun-ich, xiv-yak-tun-ich  
ARECACEAE ARECACEAE 3 shrub Food, Bev, Orn U cocó, macal      
ARISTOLOCHIACEAE Aristolochia maxima liana Food, Med N contribo, contribu, duck flower guaco    
MORACEAE Artocarpus camansi tree food I breadnut castaña    
ARECACEAE Attalea cohune palm Med, Food, Oil, Fuel, Bev, Cnst, Prd N cohune corozo tutz, manaca cocando boy, chunciey
BIXACEAE Bixa orellana shrub Food, Med, Prd, Orn, Dye, Fibr, Fuel, Med, Spc I annatto, annatto, annmatto, atta, ricatta achote, achiote cu-shÈb, kuxub, shi-yaÈ, xayan  
MORACEAE Brosimum alicastrum tree Food, Forg, Med, Cnst N breadnut, female ramon capomo, copomo, macica, ramón, ramón blanco, ramón masicaran, ox, ujushte  
BURSERACEAE Bursera simaruba tree Med, Bev, Csnt, Prd, Fuel, Ritl, Orn, Pois N gumbolimbo, birch, red gumbolimbo, white gumbolim gumbolimbo blanco, indio desnudo, indio peludo, pa ca-c-ch, ca-cah, cha-c, chacah, cha-ca, cha-cah, h tourist tree
MARANTACEAE Calathea lutea herb Food, Med, Prd N waha leaf hoja del sal, wah· moxan, mu-shan waha leaf
CLUSIACEAE Calophyllum brasiliense tree Cnst, Med, Ltx I santa maria pito sico    
CARICACEAE Carica papaya tree Med, Food, Prd, Bev, Pois I papaya, wild papaya, manbird papaya   put papaw
ARECACEAE Chamaeodora pinnatifrons palm Food, Prd, Pois N monkey-tail pacaya chib, chem-chem, xate, xal-a-cam  
CHENOPODIACEAE Chenopodium ambrosioides herb, subshrub Med, Food, Pois N mexican wormseed apasote, epasote    
ASTERACEAE Chromolaena odorata shrub, tree Med N jack-in-the-bush   hatz, yaxhatz  
RUTACEAE Citrus aurantium tree Med, Food, Spc, Fuel, Orn, Prd, Bev, Fibr, Oil I sour orange naranja agria    
EUPHORBIACEAE Cnidoscolus chayamansa shrub, tree Food, Med, Pois N chaya, tea   tza  
ARECACEAE Cocos nucifera palm Food, Oil, Prd, Med, Bev, Fibr U coconut coco, cocotera    
CUCURBITACEAE Cucurbita pepo cultivated vine Food N squash, pumpkin ayote    
FABACEAE: Caesalpinioideae Desmodium adscendens tree Med I strongback pega ropa, mosote   sticky sticky bur bur
DRACAENACEAE Dracaena americana shrub Orn N candle wood isote, isote del monte tuËt  
ORCHIDACEAE Encyclia cochleata herb, epiphyte Orn N black orchid      
FABACEAE: Papilionoideae Gliricidia sepium shrub, tree Med, Cnst, Fuel, Pois, Orn, Forg, Food N madre cacao madre cacao hotz, sayab, zacyab, xak'ya'ab, kante  
MELIACEAE Guarea glabra tree Cnst, Med N wild orange, mahogany cedrillo, cramante b‚l-ba, bÛl-ba  
STERCULIACEAE Guazuma ulmifolia shrub, tree Med, Prd, Food, Fog, Fuel, Bev, Fibr, Spc, Cnst, P N bay cedar, bastard cedar, box cedar caulote, tapaculo, gu·cimo pixoy  
RUBIACEAE Hamelia patens shrub, small tree Food, Med, Orn, Prd, Bev, Tan N red pollyhead, polly red head, red head, scarlet sanalo-todo, arbusto de color escarlata, indios ixcanan, axcanan, canaan, chactoc, x-kanan, klaush  
HELICONIACEAE Heliconia latispatha herb Med N platanillo      
HELICONIACEAE Heliconia sp. herb   *        
MALVACEAE Hibiscus sabdariffa vine Med, Bev I sorrell, red sorrel jamaica, rosa de jamaica    
CHRYSOBALANACEAE Hirtella racemosa shrub Food N blossom berry, wild pigeon plum grenada, palo de escoba, hoja de sapo ch'ilimis, uyamche  
LAMIACEAE Hyptis suaveolens herb, subshrub Food, Pois, Med, Bev N oregano orégano   jamaican spikenard
LAMIACEAE Hyptis verticillata subshrub, shrub Med, Prd N john charles, john charles weed San Martin, hoja de martin, oja martin, yerba mate shkot-k'wai  
  Ipomoea purpurea vine orn N morning glory      
ANACARDIACEAE Mangifera indica tree Food, Med, Bev, Pois, Prd I mango      
EUPHORBIACEAE Manihot esculenta subshrub Food, Orn, Med, Pois, Prd, Spc, Ltx I cassava, white cassava   tsin  
EUPHORBIACEAE Margaritaria nobilis shrub or tree   N mora, bastard madre cacao mata palo, ramón macho ininche clawberry
FABACEAE: Mimosoideae Mimosa pudica subshrub Med, Orn N sensitive plant, twelve o'clock plant, midnight pl dormilona, dormidillo, dormillon, puta vieja guara-k'ish, métz, shm?ts, xmuts  
CUCURBITACEAE Momordica charantia vine Food, Med, Forg, Orn, Pois I balsam pear sorosí   sorosee
MUSACEAE Musa paradisiaca tree, her-baceous Food, Med I plantain, banana banana de marano, guineo, platano box haas, haas  
NEW PLANT 03 NEW PLANT 03 shrub     agave      
NEW PLANT 04 NEW PLANT 04 vine toy bomb   wild cucumber, wild gourd   xburut'  
NEW PLANT 24 NEW PLANT 24 tree       siquia, ciquiya    
NEW PLANT 38 NEW PLANT 38 shrub       lantana, cinco negritos    
NEW PLANT 66 NEW PLANT 66 vine     hairy vine behuco peludo    
NEW PLANT 67 NEW PLANT 67 shrub     wild papyrus      
NEW PLANT 68 NEW PLANT 68 fern     fern salsa parilla    
NEW PLANT 69 NEW PLANT 69 vine       pene de la sucia    
NEW PLANT 73 NEW PLANT73 tree         wamuch  
SOLANACEAE Nicotiana tabacum herb Med, Prd, Fumt, Pois I tobacco      
LAMIACEAE Ocimum campechianum herb Food, Med, Ritl, Bev, Spc I basil, wild basil albahaca, albahaca silvestre, aguacatillo b'enk, cal-cal-tun, ish-bnk, ratz-um-can n, t'eb  
CACTACEAE Opuntia cochenillifera shrub Orn N cactus nopal   scogeneel
CAESALPINIACEAE Pachrhizus erosus vine Food, Pois N jicama, yama bean jicama, frijolio   yama bean
BIGNONIACEAE Parmetiera aculeata tree Food, Orn, Spc, Forg, Med N cow okra, wild okra cuajilote kat, k'at cat
LAURACEAE Persea americana tree Med, Food, Prd, Pois, Dye, Bev, Oil N avocado aguacate, aguacote on butter-pear, pear
PIPERACEAE Piper auritum subshrub Spc, Med, Prd, Food, Oil N bullhoof, cowfoot obel, santa maria xmacolan, shma-culan, tzulubtok, xobel  
FABACEAE: Papilionoideae Piscidia piscipula tree, shrub Med, Prd, Cnst, Fuel, Pois N dogwood, white wormwood, may bush habim, jabin, palo de gusano tiaxib  
VERBENACEAE Priva lappulacea herb Med N cancer herb pega-pega, hierba del cancer, masote, mosote, pega tor‚-pim  
UNKNOWNS 25 Psilocybe spp.? fungus Food, Med   mushroom-various      
RUBIACEAE Psychotria pubescens shrub Med, Forg U life everlasting, everlasting leaf hierba, anal hembra, siempre viva anal-xiv, ix-anal hog bush, wild skanan
FAGACEAE Quercus oleoides tree Cnst, Prd, Med, Resn N cedar, red cedar, spanish cedar cedro, cedro rojo, cidra    
COMMELINACEAE Rhoeo spathaceae/discolor herb Orn U boat lily, moses in the cradle maguey morado    
ARECACEAE Sabal mauritiiformis (morrisiana) palm Cnst, Food N bay leaf, sabal, bay leaf palm, bayleaf palm botan, guano, guanu sha-an  
SAPINDACEAE Sapindus saponaria tree Cnst, Med, Prd, Pois, Oil, Ritl N soap seed, soap berry, soap tree, mountain cherry jaboncillo guiril, jabon che, zubul  
POLYGALACEAE Securidaca sylvestris liana Orn, Pois, Med U man vine behuco de hombre, behuco verde, ginuello c'halam-pim  
MALVACEAE Sida glabra herb, subshrub Ritl, Med N   malva chichibe  
RUBIACEAE Simira salvadorensis tree Prd, Cnst, Fuel N red-wood, high ridge redwood palo colorado, puntero sac te m'ooch john crow redwood
ANACARDIACEAE Spondias cytherea tree Food, Med I golden plum      
ANACARDIACEAE Spondias radlkoferi tree Med, Cnst, Food N hogplum, wild plum ciruela amarilla, jobo, jocote jobo rum-p'ok, kinim, kanabal, puk, hu-hu  
APOCYNACEAE Tabernaemontana alba shrub, tree Med, Prd, Gum N   cojeton, cojon de perro, cojoton, huevo de chucho chakilikin, ton-cha, ton-chi, ton-samin, ton-sami dog balls
THEOPHRASTACEAE Tagetes erecta shrub Med, Orn N flower of death flor de muerto ixtupú marigold
UNKNOWNS 19 UNKNOWNS 19 tree Cnst, firewood     naranjillo    
UNKNOWNS 39 UNKNOWNS 39 shrub Food     guamuch    
UNKNOWNS 6 UNKNOWNS 6 vine Med     behuco de sangre    
ASTERACEAE Wedelia acapulcensis herb Med N   orosus    

Key to plant origins: N - Native, I - Introduced, n - Naturalized, U - unknown, E - Endemic, * - Native/Introduced, ^ - Unknown/Naturalized.

Pictures come from our own archives as well as the following sources:
Atran, S., X. Lois, and E. U. Ek. 2004 Plants of the Peten Itza Maya.     Vol 38. Ann Arbor: Regents of the University of Michigan.
www.nybg.org/bsci/belize
hortiplex.gardenweb.com/plants/list_all_families.html
www.rain-tree.com/Plant-Images
www.csdl.tamu.edu/FLORA/gallery/gallery_query.htm - Digital Flora of Texas (DFT)

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