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El Pilar Forest Garden Network
 

Forest Garden Database

Plant List only for person: Ford, Anabel: 103 entries, updated 2013-07-17 00:59:34 GMT

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Family Scientific name Habitat Uses Origin Local Name      
          English Spanish Mayan Creole
                 
EUPHORBIACEAE Acalypha arvensis herb Med N cancer herb, cat tail hierba de cancer, cordiemiento    
ALLIACEAE Allium schoenoprasum herb Spc, Food, Med I chives cebollin    
ASPHODELACEAE Aloe vera shrub Med I aloe vera      
AMARANTHACEAE Amaranthus caudatus herb Spc, Med, Food N amaranth, pigweed   kiltosh pison calaloo
BROMELIACEAE Ananas comosus shrub, tree Food I pineapple piÒa    
ANNONACEAE Annona cherimola tree Food I cherimoya, custard apple, chirimoya, chirimolla, a      
ANNONACEAE Annona muricata tree Spc, Med, Food, Bev, Prd, Pois, Orn N sour sop, annona, durian guan·bana takob  
ARACEAE Anthurium slechtendahlii herb, epiphyte Med N pheasant's tail cola de faisan tye-pÈ, xiv-tun-ich, xiv-yak-tun-ich  
UNKNOWNS 26 Araceae > Colocasia esculenta? Xanthosoma sagittif vine Food, Med   coco yam      
ARISTOLOCHIACEAE Aristolochia maxima liana Food, Med N contribo, contribu, duck flower guaco    
ASCLEPIDACEAE Asclepia curassavica herb Med, Pois N polly redhead, cho cho, mis, red hand polly gato, hoja de veneno, raton chushu-yu-shi, cuchilli-xiv, ka-ki-at'sum  
BASELLACEAE Basella alba vine Food I spinach      
FABACEAE: Caesalpinioideae Bauhinia jenningsii shrub, tree   N cow tongue, snake plant lengua de vaca   mother-in-law tongue
BIXACEAE Bixa orellana shrub Food, Med, Prd, Orn, Dye, Fibr, Fuel, Med, Spc I annatto, annatto, annmatto, atta, ricatta achote, achiote cu-shÈb, kuxub, shi-yaÈ, xayan  
MORACEAE Brosimum alicastrum tree Food, Forg, Med, Cnst N breadnut, female ramon capomo, copomo, macica, ramón, ramón blanco, ramón masicaran, ox, ujushte  
BURSERACEAE Bursera simaruba tree Med, Bev, Csnt, Prd, Fuel, Ritl, Orn, Pois N gumbolimbo, birch, red gumbolimbo, white gumbolim gumbolimbo blanco, indio desnudo, indio peludo, pa ca-c-ch, ca-cah, cha-c, chacah, cha-ca, cha-cah, h tourist tree
CACTACEAE Cactus spp. herb Orn U cactus      
CAESALPINIACEAE Caesalpinia pulcherrima shrub or small tree Med, Food N bird of paradise      
MARANTACEAE Calathea lutea herb Food, Med, Prd N waha leaf hoja del sal, wah· moxan, mu-shan waha leaf
CLUSIACEAE Calophyllum brasiliense tree Cnst, Med, Ltx I santa maria pito sico    
SOLANACEAE Capsicum annuum shrub food N bell pepper chile dulce    
CARICACEAE Carica papaya tree Med, Food, Prd, Bev, Pois I papaya, wild papaya, manbird papaya   put papaw
CARICACEAE Carica pubescens tree Food I mountain papaya      
CECROPIACEAE Cecropia peltata tree Med, Prd, Fumt, Food N trumpet tree guarumo a'kl, ixcoch, cho-otz  
ARECACEAE Chamaeodora pinnatifrons palm Food, Prd, Pois N monkey-tail pacaya chib, chem-chem, xate, xal-a-cam  
ASTERACEAE Chromolaena odorata shrub, tree Med N jack-in-the-bush   hatz, yaxhatz  
UNKNOWNS 45 Cissampelos tropaeolifolia (MENISPERMACEAE)? (hoja vine med   pregant woman's herb hoja de preniada, yerba de la preniada    
RUTACEAE Citrus limon tree Food, Med I sour lime, lemon limon    
RUTACEAE Citrus sinensis var. Valencia tree Food, Bev I valencia orange      
EUPHORBIACEAE Cnidoscolus chayamansa shrub, tree Food, Med, Pois N chaya, tea   tza  
POLYGONACEAE Coccoloba uvifera shrub, tree Food, Bev, Med, Fuel, Forg, Cnst, Tan, Prd N grape, sea grape uva niiche  
BORAGINACEAE Cordia dodecandra tree Food, Prd, Cnst, Med N   ciricote, siricote, zericote chack opte  
EUPHORBIACEAE Croton sp. shrub   U croton   chichibe  
ZINGIBERACEAE Curcuma domestica herb Spc, Med I curry, turmeric, yellow ginger      
POACEAE/GRAMINAE Cymbopogon citratus grass Med, Bev ^ lemon grass zacate de limon   fever grass
FABACEAE: Caesalpinioideae Desmodium adscendens tree Med I strongback pega ropa, mosote   sticky sticky bur bur
ORCHIDACEAE Encyclia cochleata herb, epiphyte Orn N black orchid      
APIACEAE Eryngium foetidum herb Food, Med, Spc N cilantro, kolentro culantro, cimaron    
MORACEAE Ficus maxima tree Med N fig, wild fig higo    
FABACEAE: Papilionoideae Gliricidia sepium shrub, tree Med, Cnst, Fuel, Pois, Orn, Forg, Food N madre cacao madre cacao hotz, sayab, zacyab, xak'ya'ab, kante  
MELIACEAE Guarea glabra tree Cnst, Med N wild orange, mahogany cedrillo, cramante b‚l-ba, bÛl-ba  
STERCULIACEAE Guazuma ulmifolia shrub, tree Med, Prd, Food, Fog, Fuel, Bev, Fibr, Spc, Cnst, P N bay cedar, bastard cedar, box cedar caulote, tapaculo, gu·cimo pixoy  
RUBIACEAE Hamelia patens shrub, small tree Food, Med, Orn, Prd, Bev, Tan N red pollyhead, polly red head, red head, scarlet sanalo-todo, arbusto de color escarlata, indios ixcanan, axcanan, canaan, chactoc, x-kanan, klaush  
HELICONIACEAE Heliconia sp. herb   *        
BORAGINACEAE Heliotropum angiospermum herb Med, Pois N scorpion tail cola de alegran, rabamaco, rabamico, rabo mico remax  
LAMIACEAE Hyptis suaveolens herb, subshrub Food, Pois, Med, Bev N oregano orégano   jamaican spikenard
LAMIACEAE Hyptis verticillata subshrub, shrub Med, Prd N john charles, john charles weed San Martin, hoja de martin, oja martin, yerba mate shkot-k'wai  
CONVOLVULACEAE Ipomoea batatas vine Food N sweet potato, cultivated yam batatas, camote    
POLYPODIOPHYTA: SCHIZAEACEAE Lygodium volubile fern, climbing Med, Prd, Ritl N fever fern, wire whisk, wire whiss alambre, behuco de alambre, corremiento alambre-xi, xich-el-ba, xix-el-ba  
ANACARDIACEAE Mangifera indica tree Food, Med, Bev, Pois, Prd I mango      
MARANTACEAE Maranta arundinaceae herb Food, Med I arrowroot   yukia  
CUCURBITACEAE Melothria pendula vine Med, Forg N watermelon rat melon de raton    
FABACEAE: Mimosoideae Mimosa pudica subshrub Med, Orn N sensitive plant, twelve o'clock plant, midnight pl dormilona, dormidillo, dormillon, puta vieja guara-k'ish, métz, shm?ts, xmuts  
CUCURBITACEAE Momordica charantia vine Food, Med, Forg, Orn, Pois I balsam pear sorosí   sorosee
MUSACEAE Musa 4 tree Food I apple banana, guineo manzana      
MUSACEAE Musa hybr. tree, her-baceous Food I cultivated banana      
ASTERACEAE Neurolaena lobata herb, shrub Med, Prd N jackass bitters trespuntas, mano de lagarto kayabim, an-mank, k'an-mank  
NEW PLANT 05 NEW PLANT 05 tree food, posts   dragonfruit pitaya wob  
NEW PLANT 10 NEW PLANT 10 shrub forage   rabbit paw      
NEW PLANT 73 NEW PLANT73 tree         wamuch  
LAMIACEAE Ocimum campechianum herb Food, Med, Ritl, Bev, Spc I basil, wild basil albahaca, albahaca silvestre, aguacatillo b'enk, cal-cal-tun, ish-bnk, ratz-um-can n, t'eb  
CACTACEAE Opuntia cochenillifera shrub Orn N cactus nopal   scogeneel
BIGNONIACEAE Parmetiera aculeata tree Food, Orn, Spc, Forg, Med N cow okra, wild okra cuajilote kat, k'at cat
PASSIFLORACEAE Passiflora mayarum vine Food, Bev N wild passion fruit granadillo    
PASSIFLORACEAE Passiflora xiikzodz vine Med N bat wing, bat vine hoja de murcielago    
LAURACEAE Persea americana tree Med, Food, Prd, Pois, Dye, Bev, Oil N avocado aguacate, aguacote on butter-pear, pear
UNKNOWNS 42 Phaseolus lunatus? vine Forg   lima beans      
ARACEAE Philodendron herb   N        
MYRTACEAE Pimenta dioica tree Med, Food, Bev, Spc, Oil N allspice pimienta, pimienta gorda, pimenta, pimenta gorda naba-cuc  
PIPERACEAE Piper auritum subshrub Spc, Med, Prd, Food, Oil N bullhoof, cowfoot obel, santa maria xmacolan, shma-culan, tzulubtok, xobel  
VERBENACEAE Priva lappulacea herb Med N cancer herb pega-pega, hierba del cancer, masote, mosote, pega tor‚-pim  
MORACEAE Pseudolmedia sp. tree Food, Forg , Med, Bev, Cnst N cherry   manax  
MYRTACEAE Psidium guajava shrub, tree Food, Med, Prd, Fuel, Tan, Bev N guava guajava, guayaba coloc, heliche, pata, pat, pa-taíh, piche, pichi,  
RUBIACEAE Psychotria pubescens shrub Med, Forg U life everlasting, everlasting leaf hierba, anal hembra, siempre viva anal-xiv, ix-anal hog bush, wild skanan
EUPHORBIACEAE Pyllanthus liebmannianus herb, subshrub Med N baby's tears yerba de ojo chin-chin-pol  
FAGACEAE Quercus oleoides tree Cnst, Prd, Med, Resn N cedar, red cedar, spanish cedar cedro, cedro rojo, cidra    
COMMELINACEAE Rhoeo spathaceae/discolor herb Orn U boat lily, moses in the cradle maguey morado    
EUPHORBIACEAE Ricinus communis herb, shrub Med, Prd, Orn, Fuel, Pois I castor bean, castor plant higuerilla xkoch  
ARECACEAE Sabal mauritiiformis (morrisiana) palm Cnst, Food N bay leaf, sabal, bay leaf palm, bayleaf palm botan, guano, guanu sha-an  
POACEAE/GRAMINAE Saccharum officinarum grass Food I sugar cane caña    
AGAVACEAE Sansevieria trifasciata shrub Med, Orn I snake plant, golden Hahnii     mother-in-law tongue
FABACEAE: Caesalpinioideae Senna uniflora herb Med I pissabed flower baraja xtul?-bay· piss-a-bed
MALVACEAE Sida acuta shrub, subshrub Med, Ritl, Fibr, Prd, Fumt N broomweed escoba, escobilla, malva chichibe, mes-be'l wire weed
MALVACEAE Sida glabra herb, subshrub Ritl, Med N   malva chichibe  
SOLANACEAE Solanum torvum shrub Food, Med N nightshade susumba, hoja del plato pach'l, p'al  
THEOPHRASTACEAE Tagetes erecta shrub Med, Orn N flower of death flor de muerto ixtupú marigold
SAPINDACEAE Talisia oliviformis tree Prd, Forg, Food N kinep guaya wayah, uayum kinep
COMBRETACEAE Terminalia catappa tree Food, Med, Cnst, Prd, Oil, Pois, Tan I almond, almond tree almendra    
APOCYNACEAE Thevetia ahouai shrub, tree Med, Prd, Food I dog's tongue cojÛn de mico, cojÛn de perro, cocheton, juevo de chi-chi-yak, akits, tsu-pei, tsu-pui, tze-pua, tze dog balls, grandfathers balls
APOCYNACEAE Thevetia peruviana shrub or tree, flowers bright yellow Ritl, Med, Orn, Pois N good luck tree palo de suerte    
COMMELINACEAE Tradescantia spathaceae herb Med, Orn, Pois, Prd, Dye N Moses in the boat maguey sylvestre chatsum  
UNKNOWNS 32 UNKNOWNS 32 shrub Orn, Med   coral grass      
UNKNOWNS 34 UNKNOWNS 34 grass Forg   taiwan grass      
UNKNOWNS 41 UNKNOWNS 41 shrub Food   golden cassava      
UNKNOWNS 46 UNKNOWNS 46 tree     lice tree      
ORCHIDACEAE Vanilla planifolia herb, epiphyte Spc, Med N vanilla vainilla    
ASTERACEAE Viguiera dentata herb Med, Food, Forg N     tah  
VERBENACEAE Vitex gaumeri tree Prd, Med, Fuel, Forg, Cnst N blue blossom, fiddlewood, monkey fiddle, dogwood flor azul, arbol murcielago yaxnik, sak-u-sol, yax nik ux pe walking lady
VITACEAE Vitis tiliifolia liana Food, Med, Prd, Bev N water vine, wild grape, wild grape vine bejuco de uva, bejuco de agua ha-ix-ak, su-sË water tie-tie, water-wise
AGAVACEAE Yucca guatemalensis shrub, tree Orn, Food, Med N yucca pasqui    
ZINGIBERACEAE Zingiber officinale   Food I ginger, cooking ginger jengibre    
ZINGIBERACEAE ZINGIBERACEAE 1 herb Orn U pink ginger      
ZINGIBERACEAE ZINGIBERACEAE 2 herb Orn U red ginger      

Key to plant origins: N - Native, I - Introduced, n - Naturalized, U - unknown, E - Endemic, * - Native/Introduced, ^ - Unknown/Naturalized.

Pictures come from our own archives as well as the following sources:
Atran, S., X. Lois, and E. U. Ek. 2004 Plants of the Peten Itza Maya.     Vol 38. Ann Arbor: Regents of the University of Michigan.
www.nybg.org/bsci/belize
hortiplex.gardenweb.com/plants/list_all_families.html
www.rain-tree.com/Plant-Images
www.csdl.tamu.edu/FLORA/gallery/gallery_query.htm - Digital Flora of Texas (DFT)

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