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El Pilar Forest Garden Network
 

Forest Garden Database

Plant List only for person: Cruz, Carmen: 107 entries, updated 2013-07-17 00:59:34 GMT

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Family Scientific name Habitat Uses Origin Local Name      
          English Spanish Mayan Creole
                 
FABACEAE: Mimosoideae Acacia cornigera shrub, tree Med, Food N bullhorn acacia, ant thorn pico de gurrion, cuerno de vaca liscanal, zubin, huascanal black cockspur
EUPHORBIACEAE Adelia barbinervis shrub, tree   N limoncillo      
POLYPODIOPHYTA: ADIANTACEAE Adiantum tenerum fern Med N maidenhair fern, black stick helecho, espuma, palo negro ok-pick-ek-chi-chan, roc-che-cwan  
SIMAROUBACEAE Alvaradoa amorphoides tree, shrub Fw N mexican alvaradoa cortircuero    
ULMACEAE Ampelocera hottlei tree Cnst N female bullhoof manteca luin  
ANACARDIACEAE Anacardium occidentale tree Food, Prd, Med, Pois, Cnst, Oil n cashew maraon    
BROMELIACEAE Ananas comosus shrub, tree Food I pineapple pia    
ANNONACEAE Annona purpurea tree Food, Med, Fibr, Dye, Prd, Pois, Tan N cowsap soncoya tuki  
ANNONACEAE Annona squamosa tree Food N sweet sop saramoyo    
ACANTHACEAE Aphelandra scabra shrub Med, Orn N indian head, red anal, red head indian anal grande, cabeza de indio, pito anal, anal-chae, chacanal  
ARECACEAE ARECACEAE 1 palm Orn U palma del monte      
APOCYNACEAE Aspidosperma megalocarpon tree Cnst N mylady, white mylady malerio, fustan de vieja, chiquique blanco, malady peechmaax  
ANACARDIACEAE Astronium graveolens tree Cnst, Med, Prd N glassy wood jobillo, palo mulato kulimche  
ARECACEAE Attalea cohune palm Med, Food, Oil, Fuel, Bev, Cnst, Prd N cohune corozo tutz, manaca cocando boy, chunciey
FABACEAE: Caesalpinioideae Bauhinia jenningsii shrub, tree   N cow tongue, snake plant lengua de vaca   mother-in-law tongue
MORACEAE Brosimum alicastrum tree Food, Forg, Med, Cnst N breadnut, female ramon capomo, copomo, macica, ramn, ramn blanco, ramn masicaran, ox, ujushte  
BURSERACEAE Bursera simaruba tree Med, Bev, Csnt, Prd, Fuel, Ritl, Orn, Pois N gumbolimbo, birch, red gumbolimbo, white gumbolim gumbolimbo blanco, indio desnudo, indio peludo, pa ca-c-ch, ca-cah, cha-c, chacah, cha-ca, cha-cah, h tourist tree
FABACEAE: Caesalpinioideae Caesalpinia gaumeri tree Cnst, Med, Prd N axe master, bastard logwood, peccary wood quebra hacha, rudo del monte citinche warree wood, warriewood
FABACEAE: Caesalpinioideae Caesalpinia pulcherrima shrub, tree Med, Orn, Pois, Forg, Tan, Dye, Food, Gum, Prd N flambeau flower flor de la virgen cansic pride of barbados
CLUSIACEAE Calophyllum brasiliense tree Cnst, Med, Ltx I santa maria pito sico    
CARICACEAE Carica papaya tree Med, Food, Prd, Bev, Pois I papaya, wild papaya, manbird papaya   put papaw
ARECACEAE Caryota mitis palm   I fishtail palm      
FABACEAE: Caesalpinioideae Cassia grandis tree Med, Food, Bev, Orn, Fuel, Prd N stinky toe, stinking toe, beef-feed carao bookut, bukut, bokut  
CECROPIACEAE Cecropia peltata tree Med, Prd, Fumt, Food N trumpet tree guarumo a'kl, ixcoch, cho-otz  
BOMBACACEAE Ceiba pentandra tree Ritl, Prd, Food, Med, Fibr N cotton tree ceiba kapok, yaxch, inup  
ARECACEAE Chamaeodora pinnatifrons palm Food, Prd, Pois N monkey-tail pacaya chib, chem-chem, xate, xal-a-cam  
EUPHORBIACEAE Cnidoscolus chayamansa shrub, tree Food, Med, Pois N chaya, tea   tza  
ARECACEAE Cocos nucifera palm Food, Oil, Prd, Med, Bev, Fibr U coconut coco, cocotera    
RUBIACEAE Coffea arabica shrub, tree Food, Bev, Med, Forg, Cnst I coffee caf    
ASTERACEAE Critonia morifolia herb, subshrub Med, Pois N   palo verde xaac como che, yax-che, ya'x-como-che' green stick
ARECACEAE Crysophila stauracantha palm, spiny Cnst, Med, Prd N silver thatch escoba kuun, akuum, mis give-and-take
CUCURBITACEAE Cucurbita pepo cultivated vine Food N squash, pumpkin ayote    
SAPINDACEAE Cupania belizensis shrub, tree Fuel, Med, Food, Prd, Cnst N grande betty, red copal copal colorado, palo de carbon chac pom  
ARALIACEAE Dendropanax arboreus tree Food, Prd, Orn, Forg, Fuel, Med N lion's hand, mountain blossom berries, potatowood, mano de len sac-chacah, tzub  
DIOSCOREACEAE Dioscorea bartlettii vine Food, Med, Dye, Pois N red china root, red cocolmecca, white cocolmecca, cocolmeca blanca, cocolmeca roja, ogaje ya-ya-chi  
ORCHIDACEAE Encyclia cochleata herb, epiphyte Orn N black orchid      
MYRTACEAE Eugenia ibarrae shrub, tree   N chilon-che      
MORACEAE Ficus maxima tree Med N fig, wild fig higo    
FABACEAE: Papilionoideae Gliricidia sepium shrub, tree Med, Cnst, Fuel, Pois, Orn, Forg, Food N madre cacao madre cacao hotz, sayab, zacyab, xak'ya'ab, kante  
MELIACEAE Guarea glabra tree Cnst, Med N wild orange, mahogany cedrillo, cramante bl-ba, bl-ba  
RUBIACEAE Hamelia patens shrub, small tree Food, Med, Orn, Prd, Bev, Tan N red pollyhead, polly red head, red head, scarlet sanalo-todo, arbusto de color escarlata, indios ixcanan, axcanan, canaan, chactoc, x-kanan, klaush  
OLACACEAE Heisteria media shrub, tree   N wild cinnamon, wild orange copalche macho, nance cimarron silion  
TILIACEAE Heliocarpus americanus tree Fibr, Cnst N broadleaf moho, white moho majao, cajete, jolol chai  
TILIACEAE Heliocarpus mexicanus tree Fibr, Cnst U broadleaf hoho cajete    
CONVOLVULACEAE Ipomoea meyeri vine Med N wild carrot palm camotillo    
CHRYSOBALANACEAE Licania platypus tree Food, Forg N monkey apple   succotz, sunco, urraco  
FABACEAE: Papilionoideae Lonchocarpus castilloi tree Cnst, Med N black cabbage bark, cabbage bark   manchich  
FABACEAE: Mimosoideae Lysiloma latisiliquum tree Med, Prd, Fuel, Cnst I rain tree   tzalam, chalan, salam  
ANNONACEAE Malmea depressa shrub or tree Food, Med, Cnst, Prd N wild coffee, che-che, chief of herbs, lancewood, m sufrekaya, sufricaya, elemuil, eremuel, eremuilitz-imul, x-ele-muy  
ANACARDIACEAE Mangifera indica tree Food, Med, Bev, Pois, Prd I mango      
EUPHORBIACEAE Manihot esculenta subshrub Food, Orn, Med, Pois, Prd, Spc, Ltx I cassava, white cassava   tsin  
SAPOTACEAE Manilkara zapota tree Food, Gum, Med, Ltx, Cnst N red sapodilla, sapodilla chico zapote, sapote, zapote, zapotillo, zapote b ya chicle, chicle tree
ANACARDIACEAE Metopium brownei shrub or tree with irritating sap Prd, Pois, Cnst, Med, Forg N black poison wood, Honduras walnut chechem negro chechem, che-chen black ponwood
CUCURBITACEAE Momordica charantia vine Food, Med, Forg, Orn, Pois I balsam pear soros   sorosee
MUSACEAE Musa paradisiaca tree, her-baceous Food, Med I plantain, banana banana de marano, guineo, platano box haas, haas  
LAURACEAE Nectandra hihua tree Med, Cnst N laurel, sweet wood laurel   wild pear
ASTERACEAE Neurolaena lobata herb, shrub Med, Prd N jackass bitters trespuntas, mano de lagarto kayabim, an-mank, k'an-mank  
SOLANACEAE Nicotiana tabacum herb Med, Prd, Fumt, Pois I tobacco      
LAMIACEAE Ocimum campechianum herb Food, Med, Ritl, Bev, Spc I basil, wild basil albahaca, albahaca silvestre, aguacatillo b'enk, cal-cal-tun, ish-bnk, ratz-um-can n, t'eb  
ARALIACEAE Oreopanax obtusifolius tree, often epiphytic   N matapalo   chunup  
CAESALPINIACEAE Pachrhizus erosus vine Food, Pois N jicama, yama bean jicama, frijolio   yama bean
BIGNONIACEAE Parmetiera aculeata tree Food, Orn, Spc, Forg, Med N cow okra, wild okra cuajilote kat, k'at cat
PASSIFLORACEAE Passiflora xiikzodz vine Med N bat wing, bat vine hoja de murcielago    
LAURACEAE Persea americana tree Med, Food, Prd, Pois, Dye, Bev, Oil N avocado aguacate, aguacote on butter-pear, pear
MYRTACEAE Pimenta dioica tree Med, Food, Bev, Spc, Oil N allspice pimienta, pimienta gorda, pimenta, pimenta gorda naba-cuc  
PIPERACEAE Piper auritum subshrub Spc, Med, Prd, Food, Oil N bullhoof, cowfoot obel, santa maria xmacolan, shma-culan, tzulubtok, xobel  
PIPERACEAE Piper jacquemontianum shrub, tree   U spanish elder cordoncillo    
PIPERACEAE Piper marginatum herb   N spanish elder cordoncillo    
APOCYNACEAE Plumeria rubra tree Orn N mayflower, spanish jasmine flor de mayo, zopilote   frangi pangi
SAPOTACEAE Pouteria sapota tree Food, Med, Oil, Cnst, Ltx, Prd, Pois N mame, mamee, sapote, mamey, mamey apple, mammy app zapote grande saltule  
VERBENACEAE Priva lappulacea herb Med N cancer herb pega-pega, hierba del cancer, masote, mosote, pega tor-pim  
BURSERACEAE Protium copal tree Resn, Ritl, Med, Pois, Orn, Prd N copal   copal che, pom, pomte  
MORACEAE Pseudolmedia sp. tree Food, Forg , Med, Bev, Cnst N cherry   manax  
MYRTACEAE Psidium guajava shrub, tree Food, Med, Prd, Fuel, Tan, Bev N guava guajava, guayaba coloc, heliche, pata, pat, pa-tah, piche, pichi,  
FABACEAE: Papilionoideae Pterocarpus rohriii tree   N bloodtree, mountain kaway, dog's blood palo de sangre, sangre de chuco    
PUNIACEAE Punica granatum tree Food, Dye I granada, pomegranate granadillo    
BOMBACACEAE Quararibea funebris tree Ritl, Spc N   batidor    
FAGACEAE Quercus oleoides tree Cnst, Prd, Med, Resn N cedar, red cedar, spanish cedar cedro, cedro rojo, cidra    
ARECACEAE Sabal mauritiiformis (morrisiana) palm Cnst, Food N bay leaf, sabal, bay leaf palm, bayleaf palm botan, guano, guanu sha-an  
POACEAE/GRAMINAE Saccharum officinarum grass Food I sugar cane caa    
AGAVACEAE Sansevieria trifasciata shrub Med, Orn I snake plant, golden Hahnii     mother-in-law tongue
SAPINDACEAE Sapindus saponaria tree Cnst, Med, Prd, Pois, Oil, Ritl N soap seed, soap berry, soap tree, mountain cherry jaboncillo guiril, jabon che, zubul  
ANACARDIACEAE Sebastiana tuerckheimiana tree   N poisonwood, white poisonwood chechem blanco, reventadillo    
POLYGALACEAE Securidaca sylvestris liana Orn, Pois, Med U man vine behuco de hombre, behuco verde, ginuello c'halam-pim  
FABACEAE: Caesalpinioideae Senna uniflora herb Med I pissabed flower baraja xtul?-bay piss-a-bed
MALVACEAE Sida acuta shrub, subshrub Med, Ritl, Fibr, Prd, Fumt N broomweed escoba, escobilla, malva chichibe, mes-be'l wire weed
SIMAROUBACEAE Simarouba glauca tree Med, Cnst N dysentry bark aceituno, negrito pa sac, xpazakil  
RUBIACEAE Simira salvadorensis tree Prd, Cnst, Fuel N red-wood, high ridge redwood palo colorado, puntero sac te m'ooch john crow redwood
ANACARDIACEAE Spondias purpurea shrub or tree Food, Orn, Bev, Cnst, Med, Prd N summer plum, plum, may plum jocote ab-l, ab-?l  
ANACARDIACEAE Spondias radlkoferi tree Med, Cnst, Food N hogplum, wild plum ciruela amarilla, jobo, jocote jobo rum-p'ok, kinim, kanabal, puk, hu-hu  
VERBENACEAE Stachytarpheta cayennensis herb Med, Bev N blue vervain, vervain, wild verbena verbena cot-a-cam, camacolal, xtyay-ach-bak-shel  
LOGANIACEAE Strychnos brachistantha(panamensis?) liana, shrub, often armed Med, Food N   chicoloro    
FABACEAE: Papilionoideae Swartzia cubensis tree, red sap Med N bitter wood, crying blood, northern rosewood llora sangre, sangre de torro kat'alox  
APOCYNACEAE Tabernaemontana alba shrub, tree Med, Prd, Gum N   cojeton, cojon de perro, cojoton, huevo de chucho chakilikin, ton-cha, ton-chi, ton-samin, ton-sami dog balls
SAPINDACEAE Talisia oliviformis tree Prd, Forg, Food N kinep guaya wayah, uayum kinep
FABACEAE: Caesalpinioideae Tamarindus indica tree Food, Bev, Prd, Med, Fuel, Cnst I tamarind tamarindo   tambran
MELIACEAE Trichilia hirta shrub, tree Cnst, Med, Prd, Pois, Oil N red cedar palo de son, sombra de carneiro   son
TILIACEAE Trichospermum grewiifolium tree Cnst, Fibr, Prd N balsa wood, narrowleaf moho, moho lagroso, macapal capulin, chai, cha-hib, mahaua, makapal  
UNKNOWNS 18 UNKNOWNS 18           tempishte  
UNKNOWNS 19 UNKNOWNS 19 tree Cnst, firewood     naranjillo    
UNKNOWNS 20 UNKNOWNS 20 shrub Food       sinkinche  
UNKNOWNS 7 UNKNOWNS 7 tree Cnst   tapir ribs palo de danto, costilla de danto    
UNKNOWNS 8 UNKNOWNS 8 tree Cnst       pi  
VERBENACEAE Vitex gaumeri tree Prd, Med, Fuel, Forg, Cnst N blue blossom, fiddlewood, monkey fiddle, dogwood flor azul, arbol murcielago yaxnik, sak-u-sol, yax nik ux pe walking lady
VITACEAE Vitis tiliifolia liana Food, Med, Prd, Bev N water vine, wild grape, wild grape vine bejuco de uva, bejuco de agua ha-ix-ak, su-s water tie-tie, water-wise
ASTERACEAE Wedelia acapulcensis herb Med N   orosus    
FLACOURTIACEAE Zuelania guidonia shrub, tree Fuel, Med, Food, Forg, Resn, Prd, Cnst N drunken bayman wood, water wood, umbrella paragua, moroco chu-ya-ak, tamay, tamai  

Key to plant origins: N - Native, I - Introduced, n - Naturalized, U - unknown, E - Endemic, * - Native/Introduced, ^ - Unknown/Naturalized.

Pictures come from our own archives as well as the following sources:
Atran, S., X. Lois, and E. U. Ek. 2004 Plants of the Peten Itza Maya.     Vol 38. Ann Arbor: Regents of the University of Michigan.
www.nybg.org/bsci/belize
hortiplex.gardenweb.com/plants/list_all_families.html
www.rain-tree.com/Plant-Images
www.csdl.tamu.edu/FLORA/gallery/gallery_query.htm - Digital Flora of Texas (DFT)

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