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El Pilar Forest Garden Network
 

Forest Garden Database

Plant List only for person: Cocom, Heriberto/Masewal: 107 entries, updated 2013-07-17 00:59:34 GMT

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Family Scientific name Habitat Uses Origin Local Name      
          English Spanish Mayan Creole
                 
FABACEAE: Mimosoideae Acacia cornigera shrub, tree Med, Food N bullhorn acacia, ant thorn pico de gurrion, cuerno de vaca liscanal, zubin, huascanal black cockspur
FABACEAE: Papilionoideae Acosmium panamense tree Med, Cnst N billy webb      
POLYPODIOPHYTA: ADIANTACEAE Adiantum tenerum fern Med N maidenhair fern, black stick helecho, espuma, palo negro ok-pick-ek-chi-chan, roc-che-cwan  
RUBIACEAE Alseis yucatanensis tree Cnst N wild mammee, wild mamey tabaquillo, mammee silvestre cacao-che, ison, zon, haas'che, ts'om  
BROMELIACEAE Ananas comosus shrub, tree Food I pineapple piÒa    
ANNONACEAE Annona reticulata tree Med, Prd, Cnst, Fibr, Food, Dye, Pois, Tan N custard apple, annona, wild custard apple anona blanca, annona colorado, annona del monte oop, tsulipox  
ARACEAE Anthurium slechtendahlii herb, epiphyte Med N pheasant's tail cola de faisan tye-pÈ, xiv-tun-ich, xiv-yak-tun-ich  
ACANTHACEAE Aphelandra scabra shrub Med, Orn N indian head, red anal, red head indian anal grande, cabeza de indio, pito anal, anal-chae, chacanal  
ARISTOLOCHIACEAE Aristolochia maxima liana Food, Med N contribo, contribu, duck flower guaco    
APOCYNACEAE Aspidosperma cruentum tree Cnst, Med, Prd N milady, my lady, red malady malerio, chichique    
ARECACEAE Astrocaryum mexicanum palm, spiny Food, Cnst, Prd N cohun palm, supa lancetilla, pacaya, cocoyol tuk-'u, ak-té, ak-t, chapay, g¸iscoyol warree cohun, warri cohyne
ARECACEAE Attalea cohune palm Med, Food, Oil, Fuel, Bev, Cnst, Prd N cohune corozo tutz, manaca cocando boy, chunciey
FABACEAE: Caesalpinioideae Bauhinia divaricata shrub Fibr, Med N cowfoot, cow hoof pata de vaca tsulubtok  
BORAGINACEAE Bourreria oxyphylla tree Food, Prd, Med N wild craboo, laurel night bloom roble blanco, laurel, lima del monte chi-che, cacuche, sac-pa, sac-bay-eck, ter-ech-mas  
MORACEAE Brosimum alicastrum tree Food, Forg, Med, Cnst N breadnut, female ramon capomo, copomo, macica, ramón, ramón blanco, ramón masicaran, ox, ujushte  
MORACEAE Brosimum guianense tree Cnst, Food N wild breadnut, bastard breadnut, mountain breadnut cimarron, masico    
COMBRETACEAE Bucida buceras tree Prd, Tan, Med, Cnst N bullet tree cacho de toro pucte, puk-te bully tree
BURSERACEAE Bursera simaruba tree Med, Bev, Csnt, Prd, Fuel, Ritl, Orn, Pois N gumbolimbo, birch, red gumbolimbo, white gumbolim gumbolimbo blanco, indio desnudo, indio peludo, pa ca-c-ch, ca-cah, cha-c, chacah, cha-ca, cha-cah, h tourist tree
MALPIGHIACEAE Byrsonima crassifolia shrub, tree Food, Med, Cnst, Fuel, Bev, Prd, Dye, Tan, Forg, P n craboo, sour craboo, wild craboo nance, nanci, nonce, ch·, chÌ, sacpan, zacpan craboo, crabu, crapoo, grabon
CAESALPINIACEAE Caesalpinia pulcherrima shrub or small tree Med, Food N bird of paradise      
CLUSIACEAE Calophyllum brasiliense tree Cnst, Med, Ltx I santa maria pito sico    
FABACEAE: Caesalpinioideae Cassia grandis tree Med, Food, Bev, Orn, Fuel, Prd N stinky toe, stinking toe, beef-feed carao bookut, bukut, bokut  
APOCYNACEAE Catharanthus roseus herb Orn I periwinkle      
BOMBACACEAE Ceiba pentandra tree Ritl, Prd, Food, Med, Fibr N cotton tree ceiba kapok, yaxchÈ, inup  
ARECACEAE Chamaeodora pinnatifrons palm Food, Prd, Pois N monkey-tail pacaya chib, chem-chem, xate, xal-a-cam  
SAPOTACEAE Chrysophyllum mexicanum shrub, tree Med, Food, Ltx, Cnst, Forg N wild star apple caimito zikay·, chiceh damsel
RUTACEAE Citrus aurantifolia tree Food, Med, Bev, Spc, Dye, Oil, Pois I sweet lime, lemon, lime      
RUTACEAE Citrus limon tree Food, Med I sour lime, lemon limon    
COSTACEAE Costus pulverulentus herb Med, Forg, Food, Cnst U spiral ginger, wild ginger caÍo de cristo, caÒa de cristo ch'uun  
FABACEAE: Papilionoideae Crotalaria cajanifolia herb, shrub, small tree Ritl, Spc, Food N     tzib-che  
EUPHORBIACEAE Croton niveus shrub, tree Med, Spc, Bev, Fuel N uvitas      
ARECACEAE Crysophila stauracantha palm, spiny Cnst, Med, Prd N silver thatch escoba kuun, akuum, mis give-and-take
SAPINDACEAE Cupania belizensis shrub, tree Fuel, Med, Food, Prd, Cnst N grande betty, red copal copal colorado, palo de carbon chac pom  
POACEAE/GRAMINAE Cymbopogon citratus grass Med, Bev ^ lemon grass zacate de limon   fever grass
ARALIACEAE Dendropanax arboreus tree Food, Prd, Orn, Forg, Fuel, Med N lion's hand, mountain blossom berries, potatowood, mano de león sac-chacah, tzíub  
ARECACEAE Desmoncus orthacanthos palm, spiny, climbing Food, Pois, Fibr N basket tie-tie, basket to tie, basket whist, baske ballal bayal, bayl cocoboy, coconoboy
DIOSCOREACEAE Dioscorea bartlettii vine Food, Med, Dye, Pois N red china root, red cocolmecca, white cocolmecca, cocolmeca blanca, cocolmeca roja, ogaje ya-ya-chi  
DIOSCOREACEAE Dioscorea sp. vine   * wild yam      
ORCHIDACEAE Encyclia cochleata herb, epiphyte Orn N black orchid      
MYRTACEAE Eugenia uniflora shrub, small tree Food, Orn I suriname cherry pitanga    
STERCULIACEAE Guazuma ulmifolia shrub, tree Med, Prd, Food, Fog, Fuel, Bev, Fibr, Spc, Cnst, P N bay cedar, bastard cedar, box cedar caulote, tapaculo, gu·cimo pixoy  
RUBIACEAE Hamelia patens shrub, small tree Food, Med, Orn, Prd, Bev, Tan N red pollyhead, polly red head, red head, scarlet sanalo-todo, arbusto de color escarlata, indios ixcanan, axcanan, canaan, chactoc, x-kanan, klaush  
CHRYSOBALANACEAE Hirtella racemosa shrub Food N blossom berry, wild pigeon plum grenada, palo de escoba, hoja de sapo ch'ilimis, uyamche  
LAMIACEAE Hyptis verticillata subshrub, shrub Med, Prd N john charles, john charles weed San Martin, hoja de martin, oja martin, yerba mate shkot-k'wai  
CONVOLVULACEAE Ipomoea meyeri vine Med N wild carrot palm camotillo    
EUPHORBIACEAE Jatropha guameri shrub, tree Med, Prd N hazel nut, wild physic nut piñon chipche, pomolche  
CHRYSOBALANACEAE Licania platypus tree Food, Forg N monkey apple   succotz, sunco, urraco  
FABACEAE: Papilionoideae Lonchocarpus castilloi tree Cnst, Med N black cabbage bark, cabbage bark   manchich  
FABACEAE: Papilionoideae Lonchocarpus sp. tree Cnst, Fuel N cabbage bark, dogwood, turtle-bone      
ANNONACEAE Malmea depressa shrub or tree Food, Med, Cnst, Prd N wild coffee, che-che, chief of herbs, lancewood, m sufrekaya, sufricaya, elemuil, eremuel, eremuilitz-imul, x-ele-muy  
SAPOTACEAE Manilkara zapota tree Food, Gum, Med, Ltx, Cnst N red sapodilla, sapodilla chico zapote, sapote, zapote, zapotillo, zapote b ya chicle, chicle tree
LAMIACEAE Mentha piperita herb Spc, Bev I mint      
ANACARDIACEAE Metopium brownei shrub or tree with irritating sap Prd, Pois, Cnst, Med, Forg N black poison wood, Honduras walnut chechem negro chechem, che-chen black ponwood
MUSACEAE Musa 4 tree Food I apple banana, guineo manzana      
FABACEAE: Papilionoideae Myroxylon balsamum tree Med, Prd, Fuel, Spc, Pois, Oil, Bev, Ritl N balsam, balsam seed balsamo na-ba billy weed
LAURACEAE Nectandra hihua tree Med, Cnst N laurel, sweet wood laurel   wild pear
ASTERACEAE Neurolaena lobata herb, shrub Med, Prd N jackass bitters trespuntas, mano de lagarto kayabim, an-mank, k'an-mank  
LAMIACEAE Ocimum campechianum herb Food, Med, Ritl, Bev, Spc I basil, wild basil albahaca, albahaca silvestre, aguacatillo b'enk, cal-cal-tun, ish-bnk, ratz-um-can n, t'eb  
CACTACEAE Opuntia cochenillifera shrub Orn N cactus nopal   scogeneel
CAESALPINIACEAE Pachrhizus erosus vine Food, Pois N jicama, yama bean jicama, frijolio   yama bean
ARACEAE Philodendron herb   N        
MYRTACEAE Pimenta dioica tree Med, Food, Bev, Spc, Oil N allspice pimienta, pimienta gorda, pimenta, pimenta gorda naba-cuc  
PIPERACEAE Piper (psilorhachis?) shrub, tree Med N spanish elder cordoncillo    
PIPERACEAE Piper jacquemontianum shrub, tree   U spanish elder cordoncillo    
PIPERACEAE Piper marginatum herb   N spanish elder cordoncillo    
FABACEAE: Papilionoideae Piscidia piscipula tree, shrub Med, Prd, Cnst, Fuel, Pois N dogwood, white wormwood, may bush habim, jabin, palo de gusano tiaxib  
SAPOTACEAE Pouteria campechiana tree Food, Prd, Med, Forg, Ltx N mammee cirila sapotillo rojo canistel, canizté, zac-xa-nal  
UNKNOWNS 30 Protea nitida? tree Prd   wagon tree palo de carreta, limoncillo xok-mal  
BURSERACEAE Protium copal tree Resn, Ritl, Med, Pois, Orn, Prd N copal   copal che, pom, pomte  
MYRTACEAE Psidium guajava shrub, tree Food, Med, Prd, Fuel, Tan, Bev N guava guajava, guayaba coloc, heliche, pata, pat, pa-taíh, piche, pichi,  
UNKNOWNS 25 Psilocybe spp.? fungus Food, Med   mushroom-various      
FABACEAE: Papilionoideae Pterocarpus rohriii tree   N bloodtree, mountain kaway, dog's blood palo de sangre, sangre de chuco    
EUPHORBIACEAE Pyllanthus liebmannianus herb, subshrub Med N baby's tears yerba de ojo chin-chin-pol  
COMMELINACEAE Rhoeo spathaceae/discolor herb Orn U boat lily, moses in the cradle maguey morado    
ARECACEAE Sabal mauritiiformis (morrisiana) palm Cnst, Food N bay leaf, sabal, bay leaf palm, bayleaf palm botan, guano, guanu sha-an  
AGAVACEAE Sansevieria trifasciata shrub Med, Orn I snake plant, golden Hahnii     mother-in-law tongue
SAPINDACEAE Sapindus saponaria tree Cnst, Med, Prd, Pois, Oil, Ritl N soap seed, soap berry, soap tree, mountain cherry jaboncillo guiril, jabon che, zubul  
POLYGALACEAE Securidaca sylvestris liana Orn, Pois, Med U man vine behuco de hombre, behuco verde, ginuello c'halam-pim  
RUBIACEAE Simira salvadorensis tree Prd, Cnst, Fuel N red-wood, high ridge redwood palo colorado, puntero sac te m'ooch john crow redwood
SOLANACEAE Solanum torvum shrub Food, Med N nightshade susumba, hoja del plato pach'l, p'al  
ANACARDIACEAE Spondias radlkoferi tree Med, Cnst, Food N hogplum, wild plum ciruela amarilla, jobo, jocote jobo rum-p'ok, kinim, kanabal, puk, hu-hu  
ANACARDIACEAE Spondias sp. tree Food, Orn, Cnst, Bev, Med, Prd * hogplum ciruela amarilla, jobo, jocote jobo kinim, kanabal, puk  
VERBENACEAE Stachytarpheta cayennensis herb Med, Bev N blue vervain, vervain, wild verbena verbena cot-a-cam, camacolal, xtyay-ach-bak-shel  
LOGANIACEAE Strychnos brachistantha(panamensis?) liana, shrub, often armed Med, Food N   chicoloro    
MELIACEAE Swietenia macrophylla tree Cnst, Med, Prd N broken ridge mahogany, mahogany caoba chacaltÈ, punab, sutz'uch  
BIGNONIACEAE Tabebuia rosea tree Cnst, Med N mayflower, may bush maculiz hokab, shna'-corts  
APOCYNACEAE Tabernaemontana alba shrub, tree Med, Prd, Gum N   cojeton, cojon de perro, cojoton, huevo de chucho chakilikin, ton-cha, ton-chi, ton-samin, ton-sami dog balls
SAPINDACEAE Talisia oliviformis tree Prd, Forg, Food N kinep guaya wayah, uayum kinep
VERBENACEAE Tectona grandis tree Cnst I teak      
STERCULIACEAE Theobroma cacao tree, cultivated Food, Bev, Spc, Oil, Prd n cacao, chocolate tree      
COMMELINACEAE Tradescantia spathaceae herb Med, Orn, Pois, Prd, Dye N Moses in the boat maguey sylvestre chatsum  
COMMELINACEAE Tradescantia zebrina herb Orn N club moss, moses in the cradle      
MELIACEAE Trichilia havanensis tree, shrub Med, Pois, Prd, Cnst, Oil, Ritl N spoon tree, bastard lime limoncillo, palo de cuchara cot  
MELIACEAE Trichilia hirta shrub, tree Cnst, Med, Prd, Pois, Oil N red cedar palo de son, sombra de carneiro   son
UNKNOWNS 28 UNKNOWNS 28 tree Med, Cnst   black wormwood jabin negro    
UNKNOWNS 29 UNKNOWNS 29 tree Cnst   nail tree palo de clavo    
UNKNOWNS 31 UNKNOWNS 31 vine Cnst   square vine bejuco quadrado    
UNKNOWNS 32 UNKNOWNS 32 shrub Orn, Med   coral grass      
UNKNOWNS 33 UNKNOWNS 33 tree       pata de mino    
UNKNOWNS 4 UNKNOWNS 4 shrub Med   skunk root      
URTICACEAE Urera baccifera shrub Med, Prd N cow-itch ortiga laal  
ORCHIDACEAE Vanilla planifolia herb, epiphyte Spc, Med N vanilla vainilla    
ASTERACEAE Viguiera dentata herb Med, Food, Forg N     tah  
VERBENACEAE Vitex gaumeri tree Prd, Med, Fuel, Forg, Cnst N blue blossom, fiddlewood, monkey fiddle, dogwood flor azul, arbol murcielago yaxnik, sak-u-sol, yax nik ux pe walking lady
VITACEAE Vitis tiliifolia liana Food, Med, Prd, Bev N water vine, wild grape, wild grape vine bejuco de uva, bejuco de agua ha-ix-ak, su-sË water tie-tie, water-wise
ASTERACEAE Wedelia acapulcensis herb Med N   orosus    
FLACOURTIACEAE Zuelania guidonia shrub, tree Fuel, Med, Food, Forg, Resn, Prd, Cnst N drunken bayman wood, water wood, umbrella paragua, moroco chu-ya-ak, tamay, tamai  

Key to plant origins: N - Native, I - Introduced, n - Naturalized, U - unknown, E - Endemic, * - Native/Introduced, ^ - Unknown/Naturalized.

Pictures come from our own archives as well as the following sources:
Atran, S., X. Lois, and E. U. Ek. 2004 Plants of the Peten Itza Maya.     Vol 38. Ann Arbor: Regents of the University of Michigan.
www.nybg.org/bsci/belize
hortiplex.gardenweb.com/plants/list_all_families.html
www.rain-tree.com/Plant-Images
www.csdl.tamu.edu/FLORA/gallery/gallery_query.htm - Digital Flora of Texas (DFT)

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