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El Pilar Forest Garden Network
 

Forest Garden Database

Plant List only for person: Torres, Narciso FG: 110 entries, updated 2013-07-17 00:59:34 GMT

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Family Scientific name Habitat Uses Origin Local Name      
          English Spanish Mayan Creole
                 
FABACEAE: Mimosoideae Acacia cornigera shrub, tree Med, Food N bullhorn acacia, ant thorn pico de gurrion, cuerno de vaca liscanal, zubin, huascanal black cockspur
EUPHORBIACEAE Acalypha arvensis herb Med N cancer herb, cat tail hierba de cancer, cordiemiento    
ALLIACEAE Allium schoenoprasum herb Spc, Food, Med I chives cebollin    
UNKNOWNS 37 Alpinia zerumbet (Zingiberaceae)? shrub Orn   shell ginger      
RUBIACEAE Alseis yucatanensis tree Cnst N wild mammee, wild mamey tabaquillo, mammee silvestre cacao-che, ison, zon, haas'che, ts'om  
BROMELIACEAE Ananas comosus shrub, tree Food I pineapple piÒa    
ANNONACEAE Annona cherimola tree Food I cherimoya, custard apple, chirimoya, chirimolla, a      
ANNONACEAE Annona muricata tree Spc, Med, Food, Bev, Prd, Pois, Orn N sour sop, annona, durian guan·bana takob  
ANNONACEAE Annona squamosa tree Food N sweet sop saramoyo    
ACANTHACEAE Aphelandra scabra shrub Med, Orn N indian head, red anal, red head indian anal grande, cabeza de indio, pito anal, anal-chae, chacanal  
ARECACEAE ARECACEAE 2 palm Orn U dwarf palm      
ARECACEAE ARECACEAE 3 shrub Food, Bev, Orn U cocó, macal      
MORACEAE Artocarpus camansi tree food I breadnut castaña    
UNKNOWNS 43 Artocarpus heterophyllus? tree     jack fruit      
ARECACEAE Astrocaryum mexicanum palm, spiny Food, Cnst, Prd N cohun palm, supa lancetilla, pacaya, cocoyol tuk-'u, ak-té, ak-t, chapay, g¸iscoyol warree cohun, warri cohyne
ARECACEAE Attalea cohune palm Med, Food, Oil, Fuel, Bev, Cnst, Prd N cohune corozo tutz, manaca cocando boy, chunciey
FABACEAE: Caesalpinioideae Bauhinia herrerae vine Med, Ritl, Cnst, Fibr N cowfoot   ki-bix, malo kibish  
BIXACEAE Bixa orellana shrub Food, Med, Prd, Orn, Dye, Fibr, Fuel, Med, Spc I annatto, annatto, annmatto, atta, ricatta achote, achiote cu-shÈb, kuxub, shi-yaÈ, xayan  
COMBRETACEAE Bucida buceras tree Prd, Tan, Med, Cnst N bullet tree cacho de toro pucte, puk-te bully tree
BURSERACEAE Bursera simaruba tree Med, Bev, Csnt, Prd, Fuel, Ritl, Orn, Pois N gumbolimbo, birch, red gumbolimbo, white gumbolim gumbolimbo blanco, indio desnudo, indio peludo, pa ca-c-ch, ca-cah, cha-c, chacah, cha-ca, cha-cah, h tourist tree
MALPIGHIACEAE Byrsonima crassifolia shrub, tree Food, Med, Cnst, Fuel, Bev, Prd, Dye, Tan, Forg, P n craboo, sour craboo, wild craboo nance, nanci, nonce, ch·, chÌ, sacpan, zacpan craboo, crabu, crapoo, grabon
SOLANACEAE Capsicum annuum shrub Spc U jalapeño      
CARICACEAE Carica papaya tree Med, Food, Prd, Bev, Pois I papaya, wild papaya, manbird papaya   put papaw
FABACEAE: Caesalpinioideae Cassia grandis tree Med, Food, Bev, Orn, Fuel, Prd N stinky toe, stinking toe, beef-feed carao bookut, bukut, bokut  
MORACEAE Castilla elastica tree Ltx N wild rubber castilloa rubber hule, kiikche, kikiche, kukche, yaxha  
CECROPIACEAE Cecropia peltata tree Med, Prd, Fumt, Food N trumpet tree guarumo a'kl, ixcoch, cho-otz  
BOMBACACEAE Ceiba pentandra tree Ritl, Prd, Food, Med, Fibr N cotton tree ceiba kapok, yaxchÈ, inup  
ARECACEAE Chamaeodora pinnatifrons palm Food, Prd, Pois N monkey-tail pacaya chib, chem-chem, xate, xal-a-cam  
SAPOTACEAE Chrysophyllum mexicanum shrub, tree Med, Food, Ltx, Cnst, Forg N wild star apple caimito zikay·, chiceh damsel
UNKNOWNS 45 Cissampelos tropaeolifolia (MENISPERMACEAE)? (hoja vine med   pregant woman's herb hoja de preniada, yerba de la preniada    
RUTACEAE Citrus aurantifolia tree Food, Med, Bev, Spc, Dye, Oil, Pois I sweet lime, lemon, lime      
RUTACEAE Citrus paradise tree Food, Med I grapefruit toronja    
RUTACEAE Citrus reticulata tree Food, Bev I mandarin, tangerine      
EUPHORBIACEAE Cnidoscolus chayamansa shrub, tree Food, Med, Pois N chaya, tea   tza  
ARECACEAE Cocos nucifera palm Food, Oil, Prd, Med, Bev, Fibr U coconut coco, cocotera    
RUBIACEAE Coffea arabica shrub, tree Food, Bev, Med, Forg, Cnst I coffee café    
COMBRETACEAE Combretum fruticosum vine Med, Prd N monkey brush, yello brush chupa miel, sepillo amarillo   curassow comb, tietie
BORAGINACEAE Cordia dodecandra tree Food, Prd, Cnst, Med N   ciricote, siricote, zericote chack opte  
COSTACEAE Costus pulverulentus herb Med, Forg, Food, Cnst U spiral ginger, wild ginger caÍo de cristo, caÒa de cristo ch'uun  
BIGNONIACEAE Crescentia cujete tree Med, Prd, Food, Bev, Ritl, Forg N calabash, savannah calabash, wild calabash, luch, jicara hom, huaz  
ASTERACEAE Critonia morifolia herb, subshrub Med, Pois N   palo verde xaac como che, yax-che, ya'x-como-che' green stick
FABACEAE: Papilionoideae Crotalaria cajanifolia herb, shrub, small tree Ritl, Spc, Food N     tzib-che  
CUCURBITACEAE Cucurbita pepo cultivated vine Food N squash, pumpkin ayote    
SAPINDACEAE Cupania belizensis shrub, tree Fuel, Med, Food, Prd, Cnst N grande betty, red copal copal colorado, palo de carbon chac pom  
ZINGIBERACEAE Curcuma domestica herb Spc, Med I curry, turmeric, yellow ginger      
FABACEAE: Caesalpinioideae Desmodium adscendens tree Med I strongback pega ropa, mosote   sticky sticky bur bur
DIOSCOREACEAE Dioscorea bartlettii vine Food, Med, Dye, Pois N red china root, red cocolmecca, white cocolmecca, cocolmeca blanca, cocolmeca roja, ogaje ya-ya-chi  
DIOSCOREACEAE Dioscorea sp. vine   * wild yam      
FABACEAE: Mimosoideae Enterolobium cyclocarpum tree Cnst, Food, Pois, Med, Forg, Gum N ear-tree guanacaste, conocaste pich, tubroos  
APIACEAE Eryngium foetidum herb Food, Med, Spc N cilantro, kolentro culantro, cimaron    
MALVACEAE Gossypium hirsutum shrub, cultivated Med, Fibr N cotton, cotton tree, wild cotton algodÛn taman  
STERCULIACEAE Guazuma ulmifolia shrub, tree Med, Prd, Food, Fog, Fuel, Bev, Fibr, Spc, Cnst, P N bay cedar, bastard cedar, box cedar caulote, tapaculo, gu·cimo pixoy  
RUBIACEAE Hamelia patens shrub, small tree Food, Med, Orn, Prd, Bev, Tan N red pollyhead, polly red head, red head, scarlet sanalo-todo, arbusto de color escarlata, indios ixcanan, axcanan, canaan, chactoc, x-kanan, klaush  
HELICONIACEAE Heliconia spp. herb Orn U heliconia, lobster claw      
MALVACEAE Hibiscus spp. herb, subshrub   N hibiscus      
CHRYSOBALANACEAE Hirtella racemosa shrub Food N blossom berry, wild pigeon plum grenada, palo de escoba, hoja de sapo ch'ilimis, uyamche  
LAMIACEAE Hyptis suaveolens herb, subshrub Food, Pois, Med, Bev N oregano orégano   jamaican spikenard
LAMIACEAE Hyptis verticillata subshrub, shrub Med, Prd N john charles, john charles weed San Martin, hoja de martin, oja martin, yerba mate shkot-k'wai  
CONVOLVULACEAE Ipomoea meyeri vine Med N wild carrot palm camotillo    
CHRYSOBALANACEAE Licania platypus tree Food, Forg N monkey apple   succotz, sunco, urraco  
POLYPODIOPHYTA: SCHIZAEACEAE Lygodium volubile fern, climbing Med, Prd, Ritl N fever fern, wire whisk, wire whiss alambre, behuco de alambre, corremiento alambre-xi, xich-el-ba, xix-el-ba  
ANACARDIACEAE Mangifera indica tree Food, Med, Bev, Pois, Prd I mango      
SAPOTACEAE Manilkara zapota tree Food, Gum, Med, Ltx, Cnst N red sapodilla, sapodilla chico zapote, sapote, zapote, zapotillo, zapote b ya chicle, chicle tree
MARANTACEAE Maranta arundinaceae herb Food, Med I arrowroot   yukia  
CUCURBITACEAE Melothria pendula vine Med, Forg N watermelon rat melon de raton    
ANACARDIACEAE Metopium brownei shrub or tree with irritating sap Prd, Pois, Cnst, Med, Forg N black poison wood, Honduras walnut chechem negro chechem, che-chen black ponwood
MUSACEAE Musa paradisiaca tree, her-baceous Food, Med I plantain, banana banana de marano, guineo, platano box haas, haas  
ASTERACEAE Neurolaena lobata herb, shrub Med, Prd N jackass bitters trespuntas, mano de lagarto kayabim, an-mank, k'an-mank  
NEW PLANT 11 NEW PLANT 11 vine     Abba bean      
NEW PLANT 12 NEW PLANT 12 tree       Boemia    
NEW PLANT 13 NEW PLANT 13 tree     horse's eye      
NEW PLANT 14 NEW PLANT 14 tree     sweet craboo      
NEW PLANT 15 NEW PLANT 15 tree food     none    
NEW PLANT 16 NEW PLANT 16 vine     African yam, vine yam      
NEW PLANT 17 NEW PLANT 17 vine food   green beans      
LAMIACEAE Ocimum campechianum herb Food, Med, Ritl, Bev, Spc I basil, wild basil albahaca, albahaca silvestre, aguacatillo b'enk, cal-cal-tun, ish-bnk, ratz-um-can n, t'eb  
BOMBACACEAE Pachira aquatica tree Med, Food, Cnst, Dye N provision bark, provision tree santo domingo, sapote bobo, zapote bobo, zapoton uacut  
PASSIFLORACEAE Passiflora mayarum vine Food, Bev N wild passion fruit granadillo    
LAURACEAE Persea americana tree Med, Food, Prd, Pois, Dye, Bev, Oil N avocado aguacate, aguacote on butter-pear, pear
UNKNOWNS 42 Phaseolus lunatus? vine Forg   lima beans      
PIPERACEAE Piper auritum subshrub Spc, Med, Prd, Food, Oil N bullhoof, cowfoot obel, santa maria xmacolan, shma-culan, tzulubtok, xobel  
FABACEAE: Papilionoideae Piscidia piscipula tree, shrub Med, Prd, Cnst, Fuel, Pois N dogwood, white wormwood, may bush habim, jabin, palo de gusano tiaxib  
APOCYNACEAE Plumeria rubra tree Orn N mayflower, spanish jasmine flor de mayo, zopilote   frangi pangi
SAPOTACEAE Pouteria campechiana tree Food, Prd, Med, Forg, Ltx N mammee cirila sapotillo rojo canistel, canizté, zac-xa-nal  
MYRTACEAE Psidium guajava shrub, tree Food, Med, Prd, Fuel, Tan, Bev N guava guajava, guayaba coloc, heliche, pata, pat, pa-taíh, piche, pichi,  
EUPHORBIACEAE Pyllanthus liebmannianus herb, subshrub Med N baby's tears yerba de ojo chin-chin-pol  
FAGACEAE Quercus oleoides tree Cnst, Prd, Med, Resn N cedar, red cedar, spanish cedar cedro, cedro rojo, cidra    
EUPHORBIACEAE Ricinus communis herb, shrub Med, Prd, Orn, Fuel, Pois I castor bean, castor plant higuerilla xkoch  
SAPINDACEAE Sapindus saponaria tree Cnst, Med, Prd, Pois, Oil, Ritl N soap seed, soap berry, soap tree, mountain cherry jaboncillo guiril, jabon che, zubul  
POACEAE/GRAMINAE Sasa palmata bamboo   U small bamboo      
ANACARDIACEAE Spondias purpurea shrub or tree Food, Orn, Bev, Cnst, Med, Prd N summer plum, plum, may plum jocote ab-Èl, ab-?l  
ANACARDIACEAE Spondias radlkoferi tree Med, Cnst, Food N hogplum, wild plum ciruela amarilla, jobo, jocote jobo rum-p'ok, kinim, kanabal, puk, hu-hu  
VERBENACEAE Stachytarpheta cayennensis herb Med, Bev N blue vervain, vervain, wild verbena verbena cot-a-cam, camacolal, xtyay-ach-bak-shel  
BIGNONIACEAE Tabebuia rosea tree Cnst, Med N mayflower, may bush maculiz hokab, shna'-corts  
APOCYNACEAE Tabernaemontana alba shrub, tree Med, Prd, Gum N   cojeton, cojon de perro, cojoton, huevo de chucho chakilikin, ton-cha, ton-chi, ton-samin, ton-sami dog balls
SAPINDACEAE Talisia oliviformis tree Prd, Forg, Food N kinep guaya wayah, uayum kinep
APOCYNACEAE Thevetia ahouai shrub, tree Med, Prd, Food I dog's tongue cojÛn de mico, cojÛn de perro, cocheton, juevo de chi-chi-yak, akits, tsu-pei, tsu-pui, tze-pua, tze dog balls, grandfathers balls
ULMACEAE Trema micrantha shrub Cnst, Food, Forg, Fibr, Fuel N bastard bay cedar, white capulin, wild bay cedar mahua blanca capuleen, capulin, chapulin  
UNKNOWNS 14 UNKNOWNS 14 tree Fuel   skunk tree, wild rue ruda de monte priquiyala  
UNKNOWNS 19 UNKNOWNS 19 tree Cnst, firewood     naranjillo    
UNKNOWNS 31 UNKNOWNS 31 vine Cnst   square vine bejuco quadrado    
UNKNOWNS 38 UNKNOWNS 38 vine Forg   deer plant      
UNKNOWNS 39 UNKNOWNS 39 shrub Food     guamuch    
UNKNOWNS 46 UNKNOWNS 46 tree     lice tree      
ORCHIDACEAE Vanilla planifolia herb, epiphyte Spc, Med N vanilla vainilla    
VITACEAE Vitis tiliifolia liana Food, Med, Prd, Bev N water vine, wild grape, wild grape vine bejuco de uva, bejuco de agua ha-ix-ak, su-sË water tie-tie, water-wise
ASTERACEAE Wedelia acapulcensis herb Med N   orosus    
POACEAE/GRAMINAE Zea mays grass Food, Forg, Bev, Med N corn, green corn (when young/fresh), dry corn maiz, maiz verde/fresco (when young/fresh), maiz s    
RHAMNACEAE Ziziphus mauritiana tree Food, Med I governor plum, belize plum, hog plum, catherine's      
FLACOURTIACEAE Zuelania guidonia shrub, tree Fuel, Med, Food, Forg, Resn, Prd, Cnst N drunken bayman wood, water wood, umbrella paragua, moroco chu-ya-ak, tamay, tamai  

Key to plant origins: N - Native, I - Introduced, n - Naturalized, U - unknown, E - Endemic, * - Native/Introduced, ^ - Unknown/Naturalized.

Pictures come from our own archives as well as the following sources:
Atran, S., X. Lois, and E. U. Ek. 2004 Plants of the Peten Itza Maya.     Vol 38. Ann Arbor: Regents of the University of Michigan.
www.nybg.org/bsci/belize
hortiplex.gardenweb.com/plants/list_all_families.html
www.rain-tree.com/Plant-Images
www.csdl.tamu.edu/FLORA/gallery/gallery_query.htm - Digital Flora of Texas (DFT)

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