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El Pilar Forest Garden Network
 

Forest Garden Database

Plant List only for person: Quewell, Reymundo & Efrain: 139 entries, updated 2013-07-17 00:59:34 GMT

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Family Scientific name Habitat Uses Origin Local Name      
          English Spanish Mayan Creole
                 
FABACEAE: Mimosoideae Acacia cornigera shrub, tree Med, Food N bullhorn acacia, ant thorn pico de gurrion, cuerno de vaca liscanal, zubin, huascanal black cockspur
FABACEAE: Mimosoideae Acacia glomerosa tree Cnst, Med, Tan, Prd N bastard prickly yellow, white tamarind espino de san pedro, palo de zorro pal'liro, salam jim crow
FABACEAE: Papilionoideae Acosmium panamense tree Med, Cnst N billy webb      
ARECACEAE Acrocomia aculeata palm, spiny Food, Med, Bev, Forg, Prd, Ritl, Oil N spiny royal palm, macaw palm   coyol, cocoyol, istuk, suppa grugru palm
EUPHORBIACEAE Adelia barbinervis shrub, tree   N limoncillo      
RUBIACEAE Alseis yucatanensis tree Cnst N wild mammee, wild mamey tabaquillo, mammee silvestre cacao-che, ison, zon, haas'che, ts'om  
SIMAROUBACEAE Alvaradoa amorphoides tree, shrub Fw N mexican alvaradoa cortircuero    
ARACEAE Anthurium slechtendahlii herb, epiphyte Med N pheasant's tail cola de faisan tye-pÈ, xiv-tun-ich, xiv-yak-tun-ich  
ACANTHACEAE Aphelandra scabra shrub Med, Orn N indian head, red anal, red head indian anal grande, cabeza de indio, pito anal, anal-chae, chacanal  
ARECACEAE ARECACEAE 3 shrub Food, Bev, Orn U cocó, macal      
ARISTOLOCHIACEAE Aristolochia maxima liana Food, Med N contribo, contribu, duck flower guaco    
APOCYNACEAE Aspidosperma cruentum tree Cnst, Med, Prd N milady, my lady, red malady malerio, chichique    
ANACARDIACEAE Astronium graveolens tree Cnst, Med, Prd N glassy wood jobillo, palo mulato kulimche  
ARECACEAE Attalea cohune palm Med, Food, Oil, Fuel, Bev, Cnst, Prd N cohune corozo tutz, manaca cocando boy, chunciey
FABACEAE: Caesalpinioideae Bauhinia jenningsii shrub, tree   N cow tongue, snake plant lengua de vaca   mother-in-law tongue
BIXACEAE Bixa orellana shrub Food, Med, Prd, Orn, Dye, Fibr, Fuel, Med, Spc I annatto, annatto, annmatto, atta, ricatta achote, achiote cu-shÈb, kuxub, shi-yaÈ, xayan  
BORAGINACEAE Bourreria oxyphylla tree Food, Prd, Med N wild craboo, laurel night bloom roble blanco, laurel, lima del monte chi-che, cacuche, sac-pa, sac-bay-eck, ter-ech-mas  
BROMELIACEAE Bromelia pinguin herb, terrestrial Food, Prd, Bev, Fibr, Orn, Med N wild pineapple, wild pine pinuela, pita-puerco ix-tot  
MORACEAE Brosimum alicastrum tree Food, Forg, Med, Cnst N breadnut, female ramon capomo, copomo, macica, ramón, ramón blanco, ramón masicaran, ox, ujushte  
COMBRETACEAE Bucida buceras tree Prd, Tan, Med, Cnst N bullet tree cacho de toro pucte, puk-te bully tree
BURSERACEAE Bursera simaruba tree Med, Bev, Csnt, Prd, Fuel, Ritl, Orn, Pois N gumbolimbo, birch, red gumbolimbo, white gumbolim gumbolimbo blanco, indio desnudo, indio peludo, pa ca-c-ch, ca-cah, cha-c, chacah, cha-ca, cha-cah, h tourist tree
MALPIGHIACEAE Byrsonima crassifolia shrub, tree Food, Med, Cnst, Fuel, Bev, Prd, Dye, Tan, Forg, P n craboo, sour craboo, wild craboo nance, nanci, nonce, ch·, chÌ, sacpan, zacpan craboo, crabu, crapoo, grabon
FABACEAE: Caesalpinioideae Caesalpinia gaumeri tree Cnst, Med, Prd N axe master, bastard logwood, peccary wood quebra hacha, rudo del monte citinche warree wood, warriewood
MARANTACEAE Calathea spp. herb Food, Med U waha leaf     waha leaf
CLUSIACEAE Calophyllum brasiliense tree Cnst, Med, Ltx I santa maria pito sico    
SOLANACEAE Capsicum chinense herb Spc I habanero pepper, wild chili chile, habanero, chile del monte    
SOLANACEAE Capsicum frutescens herb, subshrub Food, Ritl, Spc, Med N bird pepper, habanero pepper, wild chili chile del monte maxik, ick, mash-ak  
CARICACEAE Carica papaya tree Med, Food, Prd, Bev, Pois I papaya, wild papaya, manbird papaya   put papaw
ARECACEAE Caryota mitis palm   I fishtail palm      
MORACEAE Castilla elastica tree Ltx N wild rubber castilloa rubber hule, kiikche, kikiche, kukche, yaxha  
CECROPIACEAE Cecropia peltata tree Med, Prd, Fumt, Food N trumpet tree guarumo a'kl, ixcoch, cho-otz  
ARECACEAE Chamaeodora pinnatifrons palm Food, Prd, Pois N monkey-tail pacaya chib, chem-chem, xate, xal-a-cam  
SAPOTACEAE Chrysophyllum venezuelanense tree Food U     sebul  
RUTACEAE Citrus reticulata tree Food, Bev I mandarin, tangerine      
ARECACEAE Cocos nucifera palm Food, Oil, Prd, Med, Bev, Fibr U coconut coco, cocotera    
BORAGINACEAE Cordia dodecandra tree Food, Prd, Cnst, Med N   ciricote, siricote, zericote chack opte  
COSTACEAE Costus pulverulentus herb Med, Forg, Food, Cnst U spiral ginger, wild ginger caÍo de cristo, caÒa de cristo ch'uun  
FABACEAE: Papilionoideae Crotalaria cajanifolia herb, shrub, small tree Ritl, Spc, Food N     tzib-che  
ARECACEAE Crysophila stauracantha palm, spiny Cnst, Med, Prd N silver thatch escoba kuun, akuum, mis give-and-take
CUCURBITACEAE Cucurbita pepo cultivated vine Food N squash, pumpkin ayote    
POACEAE/GRAMINAE Cymbopogon citratus grass Med, Bev ^ lemon grass zacate de limon   fever grass
ARALIACEAE Dendropanax arboreus tree Food, Prd, Orn, Forg, Fuel, Med N lion's hand, mountain blossom berries, potatowood, mano de león sac-chacah, tzíub  
ARECACEAE Desmoncus orthacanthos palm, spiny, climbing Food, Pois, Fibr N basket tie-tie, basket to tie, basket whist, baske ballal bayal, bayl cocoboy, coconoboy
DIOSCOREACEAE Dioscorea bartlettii vine Food, Med, Dye, Pois N red china root, red cocolmecca, white cocolmecca, cocolmeca blanca, cocolmeca roja, ogaje ya-ya-chi  
DIOSCOREACEAE Dioscorea sp. vine   * wild yam      
ORCHIDACEAE Encyclia cochleata herb, epiphyte Orn N black orchid      
FABACEAE: Mimosoideae Enterolobium cyclocarpum tree Cnst, Food, Pois, Med, Forg, Gum N ear-tree guanacaste, conocaste pich, tubroos  
APIACEAE Eryngium foetidum herb Food, Med, Spc N cilantro, kolentro culantro, cimaron    
MYRTACEAE Eugenia uniflora shrub, small tree Food, Orn I suriname cherry pitanga    
MORACEAE Ficus maxima tree Med N fig, wild fig higo    
FABACEAE: Papilionoideae Gliricidia sepium shrub, tree Med, Cnst, Fuel, Pois, Orn, Forg, Food N madre cacao madre cacao hotz, sayab, zacyab, xak'ya'ab, kante  
ASCLEPIDACEAE Gonolobus sp. vine Med, Food N vine of the dead behuco de muerto    
MELIACEAE Guarea glabra tree Cnst, Med N wild orange, mahogany cedrillo, cramante b‚l-ba, bÛl-ba  
STERCULIACEAE Guazuma ulmifolia shrub, tree Med, Prd, Food, Fog, Fuel, Bev, Fibr, Spc, Cnst, P N bay cedar, bastard cedar, box cedar caulote, tapaculo, gu·cimo pixoy  
RUBIACEAE Guettarda combsii shrub, tree Cnst, Med, Prd N glassy wood, glossy wood, green star, pine-ridge g arepa, verde lucero tastab, tas'tap, tas-tas  
FABACEAE: Caesalpinioideae Haematoxylon campechianum tree, shrub Med, Prd, Dye N logwood, dye wood tinta, palo de tinte ek  
RUBIACEAE Hamelia patens shrub, small tree Food, Med, Orn, Prd, Bev, Tan N red pollyhead, polly red head, red head, scarlet sanalo-todo, arbusto de color escarlata, indios ixcanan, axcanan, canaan, chactoc, x-kanan, klaush  
OLACACEAE Heisteria media shrub, tree   N wild cinnamon, wild orange copalche macho, nance cimarron silion  
HELICONIACEAE Heliconia latispatha herb Med N platanillo      
TILIACEAE Heliocarpus americanus tree Fibr, Cnst N broadleaf moho, white moho majao, cajete, jolol chai  
LAMIACEAE Hyptis verticillata subshrub, shrub Med, Prd N john charles, john charles weed San Martin, hoja de martin, oja martin, yerba mate shkot-k'wai  
CONVOLVULACEAE Ipomoea meyeri vine Med N wild carrot palm camotillo    
EUPHORBIACEAE Jatropha guameri shrub, tree Med, Prd N hazel nut, wild physic nut piñon chipche, pomolche  
ASTERACEAE Lasianthaea fruticosa shrub or tree Orn, Forg, Med, Ritl, Prd N margarita margarita del monte ish-ta, shti-pe, zta-ach  
CHRYSOBALANACEAE Licania platypus tree Food, Forg N monkey apple   succotz, sunco, urraco  
VERBENACEAE Lippia myriocephala shrub, tree Prd, Ritl, Med, Fumt, Cnst U maja rhacco baston de vieja sacuche, sa-ku-che, sa-ku-ch, sakuche  
FABACEAE: Papilionoideae Lonchocarpus castilloi tree Cnst, Med N black cabbage bark, cabbage bark   manchich  
FABACEAE: Papilionoideae Lonchocarpus sp. tree Cnst, Fuel N cabbage bark, dogwood, turtle-bone      
FABACEAE: Mimosoideae Lysiloma auritum tree Med N bastard mahogany tamborcillo, palo de sangre tsu  
FABACEAE: Mimosoideae Lysiloma latisiliquum tree Med, Prd, Fuel, Cnst I rain tree   tzalam, chalan, salam  
ANNONACEAE Malmea depressa shrub or tree Food, Med, Cnst, Prd N wild coffee, che-che, chief of herbs, lancewood, m sufrekaya, sufricaya, elemuil, eremuel, eremuilitz-imul, x-ele-muy  
ANACARDIACEAE Mangifera indica tree Food, Med, Bev, Pois, Prd I mango      
EUPHORBIACEAE Manihot esculenta subshrub Food, Orn, Med, Pois, Prd, Spc, Ltx I cassava, white cassava   tsin  
SAPOTACEAE Manilkara zapota tree Food, Gum, Med, Ltx, Cnst N red sapodilla, sapodilla chico zapote, sapote, zapote, zapotillo, zapote b ya chicle, chicle tree
MARANTACEAE Maranta arundinaceae herb Food, Med I arrowroot   yukia  
ANACARDIACEAE Metopium brownei shrub or tree with irritating sap Prd, Pois, Cnst, Med, Forg N black poison wood, Honduras walnut chechem negro chechem, che-chen black ponwood
FABACEAE: Mimosoideae Mimosa hondurana liana, vine Pois N iguana leaf, tear coat, haulback, sensitive weed linda hermosa    
CUCURBITACEAE Momordica charantia vine Food, Med, Forg, Orn, Pois I balsam pear sorosí   sorosee
MUSACEAE Musa paradisiaca tree, her-baceous Food, Med I plantain, banana banana de marano, guineo, platano box haas, haas  
FABACEAE: Papilionoideae Myroxylon balsamum tree Med, Prd, Fuel, Spc, Pois, Oil, Bev, Ritl N balsam, balsam seed balsamo na-ba billy weed
LAURACEAE Nectandra hihua tree Med, Cnst N laurel, sweet wood laurel   wild pear
ASTERACEAE Neurolaena lobata herb, shrub Med, Prd N jackass bitters trespuntas, mano de lagarto kayabim, an-mank, k'an-mank  
NEW PLANT 23 NEW PLANT 23 vine       behuco de pimienta    
BOMBACACEAE Ochroma pyramidale tree Fibr N balsa lanilla polak, puh  
LAMIACEAE Ocimum campechianum herb Food, Med, Ritl, Bev, Spc I basil, wild basil albahaca, albahaca silvestre, aguacatillo b'enk, cal-cal-tun, ish-bnk, ratz-um-can n, t'eb  
CACTACEAE Opuntia cochenillifera shrub Orn N cactus nopal   scogeneel
ARALIACEAE Oreopanax obtusifolius tree, often epiphytic   N matapalo   chunup  
CAESALPINIACEAE Pachrhizus erosus vine Food, Pois N jicama, yama bean jicama, frijolio   yama bean
BIGNONIACEAE Parmetiera aculeata tree Food, Orn, Spc, Forg, Med N cow okra, wild okra cuajilote kat, k'at cat
LAURACEAE Persea americana tree Med, Food, Prd, Pois, Dye, Bev, Oil N avocado aguacate, aguacote on butter-pear, pear
PHYTOLACCACEAE Petiveria alliaceae herb Med, Ritl N skunkweed, guinea-hen plant, skunk root zorillo    
MYRTACEAE Pimenta dioica tree Med, Food, Bev, Spc, Oil N allspice pimienta, pimienta gorda, pimenta, pimenta gorda naba-cuc  
PIPERACEAE Piper auritum subshrub Spc, Med, Prd, Food, Oil N bullhoof, cowfoot obel, santa maria xmacolan, shma-culan, tzulubtok, xobel  
FABACEAE: Papilionoideae Piscidia piscipula tree, shrub Med, Prd, Cnst, Fuel, Pois N dogwood, white wormwood, may bush habim, jabin, palo de gusano tiaxib  
NYCTAGINACEAE Pisonia proctorii liana, endemic Med E tiger nail uña de gato    
FABACEAE: Mimosoideae Pithecellobium arboreum tree Orn, Cnst N barba jolote      
SAPOTACEAE Pouteria campechiana tree Food, Prd, Med, Forg, Ltx N mammee cirila sapotillo rojo canistel, canizté, zac-xa-nal  
SAPOTACEAE Pouteria reticulata tree Food N   zapote negro, zapotillo negro    
SAPOTACEAE Pouteria sapota tree Food, Med, Oil, Cnst, Ltx, Prd, Pois N mame, mamee, sapote, mamey, mamey apple, mammy app zapote grande saltule  
VERBENACEAE Priva lappulacea herb Med N cancer herb pega-pega, hierba del cancer, masote, mosote, pega tor‚-pim  
BURSERACEAE Protium copal tree Resn, Ritl, Med, Pois, Orn, Prd N copal   copal che, pom, pomte  
MORACEAE Pseudolmedia sp. tree Food, Forg , Med, Bev, Cnst N cherry   manax  
RUBIACEAE Psychotria pubescens shrub Med, Forg U life everlasting, everlasting leaf hierba, anal hembra, siempre viva anal-xiv, ix-anal hog bush, wild skanan
FABACEAE: Papilionoideae Pterocarpus rohriii tree   N bloodtree, mountain kaway, dog's blood palo de sangre, sangre de chuco    
PUNIACEAE Punica granatum tree Food, Dye I granada, pomegranate granadillo    
FAGACEAE Quercus oleoides tree Cnst, Prd, Med, Resn N cedar, red cedar, spanish cedar cedro, cedro rojo, cidra    
PHYTOLACCACEAE Rivina humilis herb Med N   coqueta, coralillo, herba mora, tomatillo cusuc·n  
ARECACEAE Sabal mauritiiformis (morrisiana) palm Cnst, Food N bay leaf, sabal, bay leaf palm, bayleaf palm botan, guano, guanu sha-an  
POACEAE/GRAMINAE Saccharum officinarum grass Food I sugar cane caña    
AGAVACEAE Sansevieria trifasciata shrub Med, Orn I snake plant, golden Hahnii     mother-in-law tongue
SAPINDACEAE Sapindus saponaria tree Cnst, Med, Prd, Pois, Oil, Ritl N soap seed, soap berry, soap tree, mountain cherry jaboncillo guiril, jabon che, zubul  
ANACARDIACEAE Sebastiana tuerckheimiana tree   N poisonwood, white poisonwood chechem blanco, reventadillo    
MALVACEAE Sida acuta shrub, subshrub Med, Ritl, Fibr, Prd, Fumt N broomweed escoba, escobilla, malva chichibe, mes-be'l wire weed
RUBIACEAE Simira salvadorensis tree Prd, Cnst, Fuel N red-wood, high ridge redwood palo colorado, puntero sac te m'ooch john crow redwood
SOLANACEAE Solanum erianthum small tree Prd, Med, Pois U white stick palo blanco, allay muy, male pito sico    
SOLANACEAE Solanum torvum shrub Food, Med N nightshade susumba, hoja del plato pach'l, p'al  
ANACARDIACEAE Spondias radlkoferi tree Med, Cnst, Food N hogplum, wild plum ciruela amarilla, jobo, jocote jobo rum-p'ok, kinim, kanabal, puk, hu-hu  
LOGANIACEAE Strychnos brachistantha(panamensis?) liana, shrub, often armed Med, Food N   chicoloro    
FABACEAE: Papilionoideae Swartzia cubensis tree, red sap Med N bitter wood, crying blood, northern rosewood llora sangre, sangre de torro kat'alox  
MELIACEAE Swietenia macrophylla tree Cnst, Med, Prd N broken ridge mahogany, mahogany caoba chacaltÈ, punab, sutz'uch  
BIGNONIACEAE Tabebuia guayacan tree Cnst, Forg, Prd N yellow mayflower amapa, san juan, cortéz hahauche  
BIGNONIACEAE Tabebuia rosea tree Cnst, Med N mayflower, may bush maculiz hokab, shna'-corts  
APOCYNACEAE Tabernaemontana alba shrub, tree Med, Prd, Gum N   cojeton, cojon de perro, cojoton, huevo de chucho chakilikin, ton-cha, ton-chi, ton-samin, ton-sami dog balls
SAPINDACEAE Talisia oliviformis tree Prd, Forg, Food N kinep guaya wayah, uayum kinep
COMBRETACEAE Terminalia amazonia tree with large butresses Cnst, Prd N nargosta, pine ridge bully tree guayabo canxun  
APOCYNACEAE Thevetia peruviana shrub or tree, flowers bright yellow Ritl, Med, Orn, Pois N good luck tree palo de suerte    
SAPINDACEAE Thouinia paucidentata tree Med, Cnst, Forg N     dzol  
MELIACEAE Trichilia hirta shrub, tree Cnst, Med, Prd, Pois, Oil N red cedar palo de son, sombra de carneiro   son
TILIACEAE Trichospermum grewiifolium tree Cnst, Fibr, Prd N balsa wood, narrowleaf moho, moho lagroso, macapal capulin, chai, cha-hib, mahaua, makapal  
MORACEAE Trophis racemosa tree, shrub Food, Forg , Med, Fuel N female white ramon, white breadnut, wild waya eldorado, ramon blanco, waya del monte cha-cox, sacua-yun, yaxox  
UNKNOWNS 17 UNKNOWNS 17 tree Cnst   purple heart      
UNKNOWNS 7 UNKNOWNS 7 tree Cnst   tapir ribs palo de danto, costilla de danto    
UNKNOWNS 8 UNKNOWNS 8 tree Cnst       pi  
URTICACEAE Urera baccifera shrub Med, Prd N cow-itch ortiga laal  
ORCHIDACEAE Vanilla planifolia herb, epiphyte Spc, Med N vanilla vainilla    
LAURACEAE Various genera and species       laurel aguacatillo, laurel, laurel hembra sununteí  
VERBENACEAE Vitex gaumeri tree Prd, Med, Fuel, Forg, Cnst N blue blossom, fiddlewood, monkey fiddle, dogwood flor azul, arbol murcielago yaxnik, sak-u-sol, yax nik ux pe walking lady
VITACEAE Vitis tiliifolia liana Food, Med, Prd, Bev N water vine, wild grape, wild grape vine bejuco de uva, bejuco de agua ha-ix-ak, su-sË water tie-tie, water-wise
FLACOURTIACEAE Zuelania guidonia shrub, tree Fuel, Med, Food, Forg, Resn, Prd, Cnst N drunken bayman wood, water wood, umbrella paragua, moroco chu-ya-ak, tamay, tamai  

Key to plant origins: N - Native, I - Introduced, n - Naturalized, U - unknown, E - Endemic, * - Native/Introduced, ^ - Unknown/Naturalized.

Pictures come from our own archives as well as the following sources:
Atran, S., X. Lois, and E. U. Ek. 2004 Plants of the Peten Itza Maya.     Vol 38. Ann Arbor: Regents of the University of Michigan.
www.nybg.org/bsci/belize
hortiplex.gardenweb.com/plants/list_all_families.html
www.rain-tree.com/Plant-Images
www.csdl.tamu.edu/FLORA/gallery/gallery_query.htm - Digital Flora of Texas (DFT)

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