Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home8/mayafor1/public_html/mayaf/db-plant.php on line 30
El Pilar Forest Garden Network
 

Forest Garden Database

Plant List only for person: Medina, Marcelo: 128 entries, updated 2013-07-17 00:59:34 GMT

Back to Resources page  
Click on the header to sort by that field   Click here to see this plant list with photos
  Click on the Scientific name to see the photo of that plant. If we don't have a photo, then there is no link.
Family Scientific name Habitat Uses Origin Local Name      
          English Spanish Mayan Creole
                 
MALVACEAE Abelmoschus esculentus shrub, cultivated Food, Fibr I okra      
FABACEAE: Mimosoideae Acacia cornigera shrub, tree Med, Food N bullhorn acacia, ant thorn pico de gurrion, cuerno de vaca liscanal, zubin, huascanal black cockspur
ASPHODELACEAE Aloe vera shrub Med I aloe vera      
RUBIACEAE Alseis yucatanensis tree Cnst N wild mammee, wild mamey tabaquillo, mammee silvestre cacao-che, ison, zon, haas'che, ts'om  
ANACARDIACEAE Anacardium occidentale tree Food, Prd, Med, Pois, Cnst, Oil n cashew maraÒon    
BROMELIACEAE Ananas comosus shrub, tree Food I pineapple piÒa    
ANNONACEAE Annona cherimola tree Food I cherimoya, custard apple, chirimoya, chirimolla, a      
ANNONACEAE Annona muricata tree Spc, Med, Food, Bev, Prd, Pois, Orn N sour sop, annona, durian guan·bana takob  
ANNONACEAE Annona purpurea tree Food, Med, Fibr, Dye, Prd, Pois, Tan N cowsap soncoya tuki  
ANNONACEAE Annona reticulata tree Med, Prd, Cnst, Fibr, Food, Dye, Pois, Tan N custard apple, annona, wild custard apple anona blanca, annona colorado, annona del monte oop, tsulipox  
UNKNOWNS 1 Annona squamosa?? tree Food   sugar apple      
ARACEAE Anthurium slechtendahlii herb, epiphyte Med N pheasant's tail cola de faisan tye-pÈ, xiv-tun-ich, xiv-yak-tun-ich  
ARECACEAE ARECACEAE 3 shrub Food, Bev, Orn U cocó, macal      
ARECACEAE ARECACEAE 4 palm   U maya palm      
ASCLEPIDACEAE Asclepia curassavica herb Med, Pois N polly redhead, cho cho, mis, red hand polly gato, hoja de veneno, raton chushu-yu-shi, cuchilli-xiv, ka-ki-at'sum  
APOCYNACEAE Aspidosperma cruentum tree Cnst, Med, Prd N milady, my lady, red malady malerio, chichique    
ARECACEAE Astrocaryum mexicanum palm, spiny Food, Cnst, Prd N cohun palm, supa lancetilla, pacaya, cocoyol tuk-'u, ak-té, ak-t, chapay, g¸iscoyol warree cohun, warri cohyne
ARECACEAE Attalea cohune palm Med, Food, Oil, Fuel, Bev, Cnst, Prd N cohune corozo tutz, manaca cocando boy, chunciey
MELIACEAE Azadirachta indica tree Med I nim tree, nem tree, neem      
BIXACEAE Bixa orellana shrub Food, Med, Prd, Orn, Dye, Fibr, Fuel, Med, Spc I annatto, annatto, annmatto, atta, ricatta achote, achiote cu-shÈb, kuxub, shi-yaÈ, xayan  
BORAGINACEAE Bourreria oxyphylla tree Food, Prd, Med N wild craboo, laurel night bloom roble blanco, laurel, lima del monte chi-che, cacuche, sac-pa, sac-bay-eck, ter-ech-mas  
MORACEAE Brosimum alicastrum tree Food, Forg, Med, Cnst N breadnut, female ramon capomo, copomo, macica, ramón, ramón blanco, ramón masicaran, ox, ujushte  
COMBRETACEAE Bucida buceras tree Prd, Tan, Med, Cnst N bullet tree cacho de toro pucte, puk-te bully tree
BURSERACEAE Bursera simaruba tree Med, Bev, Csnt, Prd, Fuel, Ritl, Orn, Pois N gumbolimbo, birch, red gumbolimbo, white gumbolim gumbolimbo blanco, indio desnudo, indio peludo, pa ca-c-ch, ca-cah, cha-c, chacah, cha-ca, cha-cah, h tourist tree
MALPIGHIACEAE Byrsonima crassifolia shrub, tree Food, Med, Cnst, Fuel, Bev, Prd, Dye, Tan, Forg, P n craboo, sour craboo, wild craboo nance, nanci, nonce, ch·, chÌ, sacpan, zacpan craboo, crabu, crapoo, grabon
CACTACEAE Cactus spp. herb Orn U cactus      
MARANTACEAE Calathea spp. herb Food, Med U waha leaf     waha leaf
CLUSIACEAE Calophyllum brasiliense tree Cnst, Med, Ltx I santa maria pito sico    
SOLANACEAE Capsicum annuum shrub Spc U jalapeño      
CARICACEAE Carica papaya tree Med, Food, Prd, Bev, Pois I papaya, wild papaya, manbird papaya   put papaw
FABACEAE: Caesalpinioideae Cassia grandis tree Med, Food, Bev, Orn, Fuel, Prd N stinky toe, stinking toe, beef-feed carao bookut, bukut, bokut  
MORACEAE Castilla elastica tree Ltx N wild rubber castilloa rubber hule, kiikche, kikiche, kukche, yaxha  
SAPOTACEAE Chrysophyllum cainito tree Food, Prd, Med, Ltx, Cnst, Bev I star apple caimito, commito    
RUTACEAE Citrus aurantifolia tree Food, Med, Bev, Spc, Dye, Oil, Pois I sweet lime, lemon, lime      
RUTACEAE Citrus aurantium tree Med, Food, Spc, Fuel, Orn, Prd, Bev, Fibr, Oil I sour orange naranja agria    
RUTACEAE Citrus reticulata tree Food, Bev I mandarin, tangerine      
RUTACEAE Citrus sinensis tree Food, Med, Bev, Oil, Prd I washington orange, sweet orange naranja dulce    
EUPHORBIACEAE Cnidoscolus chayamansa shrub, tree Food, Med, Pois N chaya, tea   tza  
ARECACEAE Cocos nucifera palm Food, Oil, Prd, Med, Bev, Fibr U coconut coco, cocotera    
CHRYSOBALANACEAE Couepia polyandra tree Food, Med N baboon cup, baboon cap, monkey cap      
BIGNONIACEAE Crescentia cujete tree Med, Prd, Food, Bev, Ritl, Forg N calabash, savannah calabash, wild calabash, luch, jicara hom, huaz  
ASTERACEAE Critonia morifolia herb, subshrub Med, Pois N   palo verde xaac como che, yax-che, ya'x-como-che' green stick
ARECACEAE Crysophila stauracantha palm, spiny Cnst, Med, Prd N silver thatch escoba kuun, akuum, mis give-and-take
CUCURBITACEAE Cucurbita pepo cultivated vine Food N squash, pumpkin ayote    
ZINGIBERACEAE Curcuma domestica herb Spc, Med I curry, turmeric, yellow ginger      
POACEAE/GRAMINAE Cymbopogon citratus grass Med, Bev ^ lemon grass zacate de limon   fever grass
ARALIACEAE Dendropanax arboreus tree Food, Prd, Orn, Forg, Fuel, Med N lion's hand, mountain blossom berries, potatowood, mano de león sac-chacah, tzíub  
ARECACEAE Desmoncus orthacanthos palm, spiny, climbing Food, Pois, Fibr N basket tie-tie, basket to tie, basket whist, baske ballal bayal, bayl cocoboy, coconoboy
DIOSCOREACEAE Dioscorea bartlettii vine Food, Med, Dye, Pois N red china root, red cocolmecca, white cocolmecca, cocolmeca blanca, cocolmeca roja, ogaje ya-ya-chi  
DRACAENACEAE Dracaena americana shrub Orn N candle wood isote, isote del monte tuËt  
FABACEAE: Mimosoideae Enterolobium cyclocarpum tree Cnst, Food, Pois, Med, Forg, Gum N ear-tree guanacaste, conocaste pich, tubroos  
APIACEAE Eryngium foetidum herb Food, Med, Spc N cilantro, kolentro culantro, cimaron    
MYRTACEAE Eugenia uniflora shrub, small tree Food, Orn I suriname cherry pitanga    
MORACEAE Ficus maxima tree Med N fig, wild fig higo    
MALVACEAE Gossypium hirsutum shrub, cultivated Med, Fibr N cotton, cotton tree, wild cotton algodÛn taman  
MELIACEAE Guarea glabra tree Cnst, Med N wild orange, mahogany cedrillo, cramante b‚l-ba, bÛl-ba  
STERCULIACEAE Guazuma ulmifolia shrub, tree Med, Prd, Food, Fog, Fuel, Bev, Fibr, Spc, Cnst, P N bay cedar, bastard cedar, box cedar caulote, tapaculo, gu·cimo pixoy  
RUBIACEAE Hamelia patens shrub, small tree Food, Med, Orn, Prd, Bev, Tan N red pollyhead, polly red head, red head, scarlet sanalo-todo, arbusto de color escarlata, indios ixcanan, axcanan, canaan, chactoc, x-kanan, klaush  
HELICONIACEAE Heliconia spp. herb Orn U heliconia, lobster claw      
CHRYSOBALANACEAE Hirtella racemosa shrub Food N blossom berry, wild pigeon plum grenada, palo de escoba, hoja de sapo ch'ilimis, uyamche  
LAMIACEAE Hyptis suaveolens herb, subshrub Food, Pois, Med, Bev N oregano orégano   jamaican spikenard
CONVOLVULACEAE Ipomoea batatas vine Food N sweet potato, cultivated yam batatas, camote    
CHRYSOBALANACEAE Licania platypus tree Food, Forg N monkey apple   succotz, sunco, urraco  
FABACEAE: Papilionoideae Lonchocarpus castilloi tree Cnst, Med N black cabbage bark, cabbage bark   manchich  
FABACEAE: Papilionoideae Lonchocarpus sp. tree Cnst, Fuel N cabbage bark, dogwood, turtle-bone      
SOLANACEAE Lycopersicon esculentum vine Food N tomato tomate    
SOLANACEAE Lycopersicon esculentum var. cerasiforme shrub Food N cherry tomato      
ANNONACEAE Malmea depressa shrub or tree Food, Med, Cnst, Prd N wild coffee, che-che, chief of herbs, lancewood, m sufrekaya, sufricaya, elemuil, eremuel, eremuilitz-imul, x-ele-muy  
ANACARDIACEAE Mangifera indica tree Food, Med, Bev, Pois, Prd I mango      
EUPHORBIACEAE Manihot esculenta subshrub Food, Orn, Med, Pois, Prd, Spc, Ltx I cassava, white cassava   tsin  
SAPOTACEAE Manilkara zapota tree Food, Gum, Med, Ltx, Cnst N red sapodilla, sapodilla chico zapote, sapote, zapote, zapotillo, zapote b ya chicle, chicle tree
EUPHORBIACEAE Margaritaria nobilis shrub or tree   N mora, bastard madre cacao mata palo, ramón macho ininche clawberry
LAMIACEAE Mentha piperita herb Spc, Bev I mint      
UNKNOWNS 3 Mentha spicata herb Spc   spearmint yerba buena    
LAMIACEAE Methax piperita shrub Spc, Bev I peppermint      
MUSACEAE Musa 2 tree Food I blogo banana      
MUSACEAE Musa 4 tree Food I apple banana, guineo manzana      
MUSACEAE Musa paradisiaca tree, her-baceous Food, Med I plantain, banana banana de marano, guineo, platano box haas, haas  
LAURACEAE Nectandra hihua tree Med, Cnst N laurel, sweet wood laurel   wild pear
CACTACEAE Opuntia cochenillifera shrub Orn N cactus nopal   scogeneel
GRAMINEAE Oryza sativa grass, cultivated Food, Bev I rice arroz    
BOMBACACEAE Pachira aquatica tree Med, Food, Cnst, Dye N provision bark, provision tree santo domingo, sapote bobo, zapote bobo, zapoton uacut  
CAESALPINIACEAE Pachrhizus erosus vine Food, Pois N jicama, yama bean jicama, frijolio   yama bean
PASSIFLORACEAE Passiflora mayarum vine Food, Bev N wild passion fruit granadillo    
LAURACEAE Persea americana tree Med, Food, Prd, Pois, Dye, Bev, Oil N avocado aguacate, aguacote on butter-pear, pear
MYRTACEAE Pimenta dioica tree Med, Food, Bev, Spc, Oil N allspice pimienta, pimienta gorda, pimenta, pimenta gorda naba-cuc  
PIPERACEAE Piper jacquemontianum shrub, tree   U spanish elder cordoncillo    
PIPERACEAE Piper marginatum herb   N spanish elder cordoncillo    
FABACEAE: Papilionoideae Piscidia piscipula tree, shrub Med, Prd, Cnst, Fuel, Pois N dogwood, white wormwood, may bush habim, jabin, palo de gusano tiaxib  
APOCYNACEAE Plumeria rubra tree Orn N mayflower, spanish jasmine flor de mayo, zopilote   frangi pangi
SAPOTACEAE Pouteria sapota tree Food, Med, Oil, Cnst, Ltx, Prd, Pois N mame, mamee, sapote, mamey, mamey apple, mammy app zapote grande saltule  
PUNIACEAE Punica granatum tree Food, Dye I granada, pomegranate granadillo    
FAGACEAE Quercus oleoides tree Cnst, Prd, Med, Resn N cedar, red cedar, spanish cedar cedro, cedro rojo, cidra    
ROSACEAE Rosa spp. shrub Orn I rose rosa    
ARECACEAE Roystonea regia palm Orn, Cnst, Forg N royal palm palma real    
RUTACEAE RUTACEAE 1 tree Food, Bev U earlyss orange (earlin)     earlyss orange (earlin)
RUTACEAE RUTACEAE 2 tree Bev, Med U jamaican lime     jamaican lime
RUTACEAE RUTACEAE 3 tree Food U citronja      
ARECACEAE Sabal mauritiiformis (morrisiana) palm Cnst, Food N bay leaf, sabal, bay leaf palm, bayleaf palm botan, guano, guanu sha-an  
POACEAE/GRAMINAE Saccharum officinarum grass Food I sugar cane caña    
MALVACEAE Sida acuta shrub, subshrub Med, Ritl, Fibr, Prd, Fumt N broomweed escoba, escobilla, malva chichibe, mes-be'l wire weed
MALVACEAE Sida glabra herb, subshrub Ritl, Med N   malva chichibe  
RUBIACEAE Simira salvadorensis tree Prd, Cnst, Fuel N red-wood, high ridge redwood palo colorado, puntero sac te m'ooch john crow redwood
BIGNONIACEAE Spathodea campanulata shrub Orn I african tulip tree, fire tree, flame of the forest      
ANACARDIACEAE Spondias cytherea tree Food, Med I golden plum      
ANACARDIACEAE Spondias purpurea shrub or tree Food, Orn, Bev, Cnst, Med, Prd N summer plum, plum, may plum jocote ab-Èl, ab-?l  
LOGANIACEAE Strychnos brachistantha(panamensis?) liana, shrub, often armed Med, Food N   chicoloro    
FABACEAE: Papilionoideae Swartzia cubensis tree, red sap Med N bitter wood, crying blood, northern rosewood llora sangre, sangre de torro kat'alox  
MELIACEAE Swietenia macrophylla tree Cnst, Med, Prd N broken ridge mahogany, mahogany caoba chacaltÈ, punab, sutz'uch  
MYRTACEAE Syzygium cumini tree Food, Orn I blackberry      
BIGNONIACEAE Tabebuia rosea tree Cnst, Med N mayflower, may bush maculiz hokab, shna'-corts  
APOCYNACEAE Tabernaemontana alba shrub, tree Med, Prd, Gum N   cojeton, cojon de perro, cojoton, huevo de chucho chakilikin, ton-cha, ton-chi, ton-samin, ton-sami dog balls
SAPINDACEAE Talisia oliviformis tree Prd, Forg, Food N kinep guaya wayah, uayum kinep
FABACEAE: Caesalpinioideae Tamarindus indica tree Food, Bev, Prd, Med, Fuel, Cnst I tamarind tamarindo   tambran
STERCULIACEAE Theobroma cacao tree, cultivated Food, Bev, Spc, Oil, Prd n cacao, chocolate tree      
COMMELINACEAE Tradescantia spathaceae herb Med, Orn, Pois, Prd, Dye N Moses in the boat maguey sylvestre chatsum  
UNKNOWNS 15 UNKNOWNS 15 tree Food, Bev   Honduras plum (august plum)      
UNKNOWNS 5 UNKNOWNS 5 tree     beech bark      
ORCHIDACEAE Vanilla planifolia herb, epiphyte Spc, Med N vanilla vainilla    
ARECACEAE Veitchia merrillii palm   I manilla palm      
VERBENACEAE Vitex gaumeri tree Prd, Med, Fuel, Forg, Cnst N blue blossom, fiddlewood, monkey fiddle, dogwood flor azul, arbol murcielago yaxnik, sak-u-sol, yax nik ux pe walking lady
ASTERACEAE Wedelia acapulcensis herb Med N   orosus    
AGAVACEAE Yucca guatemalensis shrub, tree Orn, Food, Med N yucca pasqui    
POACEAE/GRAMINAE Zea mays grass Food, Forg, Bev, Med N corn, green corn (when young/fresh), dry corn maiz, maiz verde/fresco (when young/fresh), maiz s    
ZINGIBERACEAE ZINGIBERACEAE 1 herb Orn U pink ginger      
ZINGIBERACEAE ZINGIBERACEAE 2 herb Orn U red ginger      
RHAMNACEAE Ziziphus mauritiana tree Food, Med I governor plum, belize plum, hog plum, catherine's      
FLACOURTIACEAE Zuelania guidonia shrub, tree Fuel, Med, Food, Forg, Resn, Prd, Cnst N drunken bayman wood, water wood, umbrella paragua, moroco chu-ya-ak, tamay, tamai  

Key to plant origins: N - Native, I - Introduced, n - Naturalized, U - unknown, E - Endemic, * - Native/Introduced, ^ - Unknown/Naturalized.

Pictures come from our own archives as well as the following sources:
Atran, S., X. Lois, and E. U. Ek. 2004 Plants of the Peten Itza Maya.     Vol 38. Ann Arbor: Regents of the University of Michigan.
www.nybg.org/bsci/belize
hortiplex.gardenweb.com/plants/list_all_families.html
www.rain-tree.com/Plant-Images
www.csdl.tamu.edu/FLORA/gallery/gallery_query.htm - Digital Flora of Texas (DFT)

Copyright © 2007 - 20011 El Pilar Maya Forest Garden Network.
All Rights Reserved