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El Pilar Forest Garden Network
 

Forest Garden Database

Plant List only for person: Medina, Lucas: 95 entries, updated 2013-07-17 00:59:34 GMT

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Family Scientific name Habitat Uses Origin Local Name      
          English Spanish Mayan Creole
                 
MALVACEAE Abelmoschus esculentus shrub, cultivated Food, Fibr I okra      
FABACEAE: Mimosoideae Acacia cornigera shrub, tree Med, Food N bullhorn acacia, ant thorn pico de gurrion, cuerno de vaca liscanal, zubin, huascanal black cockspur
POLYPODIOPHYTA: ADIANTACEAE Adiantum tenerum fern Med N maidenhair fern, black stick helecho, espuma, palo negro ok-pick-ek-chi-chan, roc-che-cwan  
ALLIACEAE Allium cepa herb Food I onion cebolla    
ALLIACEAE Allium sativum herb Food, Med I garlic ajo    
ARECACEAE Alocasia macrorhiza shrub Orn, Med U elephant ear     creole gal
ASPHODELACEAE Aloe vera shrub Med I aloe vera      
RUBIACEAE Alseis yucatanensis tree Cnst N wild mammee, wild mamey tabaquillo, mammee silvestre cacao-che, ison, zon, haas'che, ts'om  
BROMELIACEAE Ananas comosus shrub, tree Food I pineapple piÒa    
ANNONACEAE Annona cherimola tree Food I cherimoya, custard apple, chirimoya, chirimolla, a      
ANNONACEAE Annona muricata tree Spc, Med, Food, Bev, Prd, Pois, Orn N sour sop, annona, durian guan·bana takob  
UNKNOWNS 1 Annona squamosa?? tree Food   sugar apple      
ARACEAE Anthurium slechtendahlii herb, epiphyte Med N pheasant's tail cola de faisan tye-pÈ, xiv-tun-ich, xiv-yak-tun-ich  
ARECACEAE ARECACEAE 2 palm Orn U dwarf palm      
ARECACEAE ARECACEAE 3 shrub Food, Bev, Orn U cocó, macal      
ARECACEAE Attalea cohune palm Med, Food, Oil, Fuel, Bev, Cnst, Prd N cohune corozo tutz, manaca cocando boy, chunciey
BRASSICACEAE Brassica oleracea var. capitata herb Food I cabbage (cultivated)      
COMBRETACEAE Bucida buceras tree Prd, Tan, Med, Cnst N bullet tree cacho de toro pucte, puk-te bully tree
MALPIGHIACEAE Byrsonima crassifolia shrub, tree Food, Med, Cnst, Fuel, Bev, Prd, Dye, Tan, Forg, P n craboo, sour craboo, wild craboo nance, nanci, nonce, ch·, chÌ, sacpan, zacpan craboo, crabu, crapoo, grabon
MARANTACEAE Calathea lutea herb Food, Med, Prd N waha leaf hoja del sal, wah· moxan, mu-shan waha leaf
CARICACEAE Carica spp. tree   I hawaiian papaya      
ARECACEAE Caryota mitis palm   I fishtail palm      
MORACEAE Castilla elastica tree Ltx N wild rubber castilloa rubber hule, kiikche, kikiche, kukche, yaxha  
CECROPIACEAE Cecropia peltata tree Med, Prd, Fumt, Food N trumpet tree guarumo a'kl, ixcoch, cho-otz  
BOMBACACEAE Ceiba pentandra tree Ritl, Prd, Food, Med, Fibr N cotton tree ceiba kapok, yaxchÈ, inup  
CHENOPODIACEAE Chenopodium ambrosioides herb, subshrub Med, Food, Pois N mexican wormseed apasote, epasote    
SAPOTACEAE Chrysophyllum cainito tree Food, Prd, Med, Ltx, Cnst, Bev I star apple caimito, commito    
SAPOTACEAE Chrysophyllum mexicanum shrub, tree Med, Food, Ltx, Cnst, Forg N wild star apple caimito zikay·, chiceh damsel
RUTACEAE Citrus aurantium tree Med, Food, Spc, Fuel, Orn, Prd, Bev, Fibr, Oil I sour orange naranja agria    
RUTACEAE Citrus sinensis tree Food, Med, Bev, Oil, Prd I washington orange, sweet orange naranja dulce    
RUTACEAE Citrus sinensis var. Valencia tree Food, Bev I valencia orange      
EUPHORBIACEAE Cnidoscolus chayamansa shrub, tree Food, Med, Pois N chaya, tea   tza  
POLYGONACEAE Coccoloba uvifera shrub, tree Food, Bev, Med, Fuel, Forg, Cnst, Tan, Prd N grape, sea grape uva niiche  
ARECACEAE Cocos nucifera palm Food, Oil, Prd, Med, Bev, Fibr U coconut coco, cocotera    
BORAGINACEAE Cordia bicolor tree   N   sombra de ternero    
BORAGINACEAE Cordia dodecandra tree Food, Prd, Cnst, Med N   ciricote, siricote, zericote chack opte  
COSTACEAE Costus pulverulentus herb Med, Forg, Food, Cnst U spiral ginger, wild ginger caÍo de cristo, caÒa de cristo ch'uun  
BIGNONIACEAE Crescentia cujete tree Med, Prd, Food, Bev, Ritl, Forg N calabash, savannah calabash, wild calabash, luch, jicara hom, huaz  
AMARYLLIDACEAE Crinum spp. shrub Orn * garden lily      
EUPHORBIACEAE Croton sp. shrub   U croton   chichibe  
ZINGIBERACEAE Curcuma domestica herb Spc, Med I curry, turmeric, yellow ginger      
POACEAE/GRAMINAE Cymbopogon citratus grass Med, Bev ^ lemon grass zacate de limon   fever grass
COMPOSITAE Cynara scolymus cultivated plant Food I artichoke      
FABACEAE: Papilionoideae Diphysa carthaginensis shrub, tree Med, Prd, Cnst N rue, wild ruda, wild rue   susuck, tsutsuc warrie wood
ORCHIDACEAE Encyclia cochleata herb, epiphyte Orn N black orchid      
MYRTACEAE Eugenia malaccensis tree Food I malay apple      
MALVACEAE Gossypium hirsutum shrub, cultivated Med, Fibr N cotton, cotton tree, wild cotton algodÛn taman  
MELIACEAE Guarea glabra tree Cnst, Med N wild orange, mahogany cedrillo, cramante b‚l-ba, bÛl-ba  
RUBIACEAE Hamelia patens shrub, small tree Food, Med, Orn, Prd, Bev, Tan N red pollyhead, polly red head, red head, scarlet sanalo-todo, arbusto de color escarlata, indios ixcanan, axcanan, canaan, chactoc, x-kanan, klaush  
HELICONIACEAE Heliconia psittacorum Low, Red bracts and light yellow sepals Orn N parakeet flower      
HELICONIACEAE Heliconia spp. herb Orn U heliconia, lobster claw      
MALVACEAE Hibiscus spp. herb, subshrub   N hibiscus      
LAMIACEAE Hyptis suaveolens herb, subshrub Food, Pois, Med, Bev N oregano orégano   jamaican spikenard
LAMIACEAE Hyptis verticillata subshrub, shrub Med, Prd N john charles, john charles weed San Martin, hoja de martin, oja martin, yerba mate shkot-k'wai  
BIGNONIACEAE Jacaranda mimosifolia tree   I   jacaranda    
OLACACEAE Jasminum officinale herb Orn I jasmine      
SOLANACEAE Lycopersicon esculentum var. cerasiforme shrub Food N cherry tomato      
ANACARDIACEAE Mangifera indica tree Food, Med, Bev, Pois, Prd I mango      
EUPHORBIACEAE Manihot esculenta subshrub Food, Orn, Med, Pois, Prd, Spc, Ltx I cassava, white cassava   tsin  
MARANTACEAE Maranta arundinaceae herb Food, Med I arrowroot   yukia  
LAMIACEAE Mentha piperita herb Spc, Bev I mint      
MUSACEAE Musa 4 tree Food I apple banana, guineo manzana      
MUSACEAE Musa paradisiaca tree, her-baceous Food, Med I plantain, banana banana de marano, guineo, platano box haas, haas  
NEW PLANT 01 NEW PLANT 01 shrub     pigeon bean      
NEW PLANT 31 NEW PLANT 31 vine       espuma    
NEW PLANT 32 NEW PLANT 32 grass orn   screw pine      
NEW PLANT 33 NEW PLANT 33 shrub     umbrella plant, papyrus      
CACTACEAE Opuntia cochenillifera shrub Orn N cactus nopal   scogeneel
ORCHIDACEAE Other orchid spp. herb, epiphyte   N ground orchid, wax orchid, cinnamon orchid      
LAURACEAE Persea americana tree Med, Food, Prd, Pois, Dye, Bev, Oil N avocado aguacate, aguacote on butter-pear, pear
ARACEAE Philodendron herb   N        
MYRTACEAE Pimenta dioica tree Med, Food, Bev, Spc, Oil N allspice pimienta, pimienta gorda, pimenta, pimenta gorda naba-cuc  
PINOPHYTA: PODOCARPACEAE Podocarpus guatemalensis tree Cnst N cypress, mountain cypress cypress de montana    
MYRTACEAE Psidium guajava shrub, tree Food, Med, Prd, Fuel, Tan, Bev N guava guajava, guayaba coloc, heliche, pata, pat, pa-taíh, piche, pichi,  
RUBIACEAE Psychotria pubescens shrub Med, Forg U life everlasting, everlasting leaf hierba, anal hembra, siempre viva anal-xiv, ix-anal hog bush, wild skanan
FAGACEAE Quercus oleoides tree Cnst, Prd, Med, Resn N cedar, red cedar, spanish cedar cedro, cedro rojo, cidra    
COMMELINACEAE Rhoeo spathaceae/discolor herb Orn U boat lily, moses in the cradle maguey morado    
ANNONACEAE Rollinia mucosa shrub, tree   n biriba      
ARECACEAE Roystonea regia palm Orn, Cnst, Forg N royal palm palma real    
RUTACEAE RUTACEAE 1 tree Food, Bev U earlyss orange (earlin)     earlyss orange (earlin)
ARECACEAE Sabal mauritiiformis (morrisiana) palm Cnst, Food N bay leaf, sabal, bay leaf palm, bayleaf palm botan, guano, guanu sha-an  
POACEAE/GRAMINAE Saccharum officinarum grass Food I sugar cane caña    
AGAVACEAE Sansevieria trifasciata shrub Med, Orn I snake plant, golden Hahnii     mother-in-law tongue
FABACEAE: Caesalpinioideae Senna uniflora herb Med I pissabed flower baraja xtul?-bay· piss-a-bed
MELIACEAE Swietenia macrophylla tree Cnst, Med, Prd N broken ridge mahogany, mahogany caoba chacaltÈ, punab, sutz'uch  
APOCYNACEAE Tabernaemontana alba shrub, tree Med, Prd, Gum N   cojeton, cojon de perro, cojoton, huevo de chucho chakilikin, ton-cha, ton-chi, ton-samin, ton-sami dog balls
THEOPHRASTACEAE Tagetes erecta shrub Med, Orn N flower of death flor de muerto ixtupú marigold
SAPINDACEAE Talisia oliviformis tree Prd, Forg, Food N kinep guaya wayah, uayum kinep
FABACEAE: Caesalpinioideae Tamarindus indica tree Food, Bev, Prd, Med, Fuel, Cnst I tamarind tamarindo   tambran
COMBRETACEAE Terminalia catappa tree Food, Med, Cnst, Prd, Oil, Pois, Tan I almond, almond tree almendra    
COMMELINACEAE Tradescantia spathaceae herb Med, Orn, Pois, Prd, Dye N Moses in the boat maguey sylvestre chatsum  
COMMELINACEAE Tradescantia zebrina herb Orn N club moss, moses in the cradle      
TURNERACEAE Turnera ulmifolia subshrub, shrub Med, Orn I jamaican flower, wild damiana ciril, clandioso, clavo de cristo, clavo de ora    
UNKNOWNS 11 UNKNOWNS 11 herb Orn   zenia      
URTICACEAE Urera baccifera shrub Med, Prd N cow-itch ortiga laal  

Key to plant origins: N - Native, I - Introduced, n - Naturalized, U - unknown, E - Endemic, * - Native/Introduced, ^ - Unknown/Naturalized.

Pictures come from our own archives as well as the following sources:
Atran, S., X. Lois, and E. U. Ek. 2004 Plants of the Peten Itza Maya.     Vol 38. Ann Arbor: Regents of the University of Michigan.
www.nybg.org/bsci/belize
hortiplex.gardenweb.com/plants/list_all_families.html
www.rain-tree.com/Plant-Images
www.csdl.tamu.edu/FLORA/gallery/gallery_query.htm - Digital Flora of Texas (DFT)

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